Thursday, October 19, 2017

A Final Heraldic Memorial in Dalmeny, Scotland

Our final heraldic stop at St. Cuthbert's Church in Dalmeny, Scotland, is the impressive memorial to Adam Alexander Duncan Dundas, 27th Chief of Dundas, Commander (retired) of the Royal Navy, 1822-1904, and his wife, Charlotte Maria, 1831-1905, daughter of Rear Admiral Charles Hope.

You can see why I felt it necessary to include his service in the Royal Navy and his wife's father in the description above, given the broken mast, broken chain, and anchor fouled with a broken rope which are the greater part of this stone memorial, all of which are clear and obvious allusions of naval service.

More information about the Dundas family in general, and Adam Dundas and his family in particular, including a portrait of him in his naval uniform, can be found on-line on the Dundas Family website at

Of course, the part that most attracted my eye (well, after all the naval bits) was the achievement of arms at the base of the memorial.

Burke's General Armory (the stem arms do not appear in Sir James Balfour Paul's An Ordinary of Arms, though the arms of a number of cadet branches do appear there, mostly differenced with a bordure, either plain - e.g., gules, ermine, compony - or "bumpity" - e.g., engrailed) gives the following entry for Dundas, of Dundas, co. Linlithgow:

Argent a lion rampant gules. Crest - A lion's head full-faced [e.g., a leopard's face, or a lion's head cabossed] looking out of an oak bush proper. Supporters - Two lions gules, and below the shield, for a compartment, a salamander in flames of fire proper. Motto - Essayez ("Try").

The salamander "compartment" is easily seen even in the smaller image, but you really have to go to the larger image to see the surrounding flames. And I still cannot find the oak bush from which the leopard's face is supposed to be showing.

The scroll below the supporters and compartment is worn (well, it is over 100 years old, after all!), but says "Dundas of Dundas." (The second "Dundas" is very difficult to make out.)

Taken as a whole, it's a wonderful memorial to this couple and their Royal Navy connections.

Monday, October 16, 2017

Same Arms, Different Media

There are two displays of the same coat of arms at St. Cuthbert's Church in Dalmeny, Scotland.

The display in the interior of St. Cuthbert's is another work of embroidery, and bears the legend "Stewart of Craigiehall and Newhalls."

Burke's General Armory blazons the arms of Stewart of Craigiehall, co. Linlithgow (1672) Quarterly: 1 and 4, Or a fess checky azure and argent in chief three buckles azure; 2 and 3, Ermine on a fess sable three crescents argent (for Craigie).

Sir James Balfour Paul's An Ordinary of Arms blazons Stewart of Newhalls (1672-7) as: Quarterly: 1 and 4, Or a fess checky azure and argent in chief three buckles azure; 2 and 3, Ermine on a fess sable three crescents argent.

The display of these arms on outside the south door of the church adorn the tomb of several members of the family of "Stewart of Newhals": John Stewart of Newhals, d. 1670; Alexander Stewart of Newhals, d. 1684; John Stuart of Newhalls, d. 1730; and Archibald Stewart, d. 1792; in addition to their spouses.

The or field and azure checks of the fess are hatched, and of course ermine is easy to make out, but the remainder of the tinctures of the shield are not hatched. (Well, it's not really very easy - or clear - to hatch the buckles azure or the other fess sable in the space allotted here.)

The crest is blazoned in Fairbairn's Crests as The trunk of an old oak tree sprouting a branch on the dexter side fructed proper. The motto, Resurgam, means "I shall rise again." (One branch of my own family, the Winslows, has a similar crest, the stump of an oak tree sprouting new branches, but this one is more specific that it is only sprouting on the dexter side. The Winslow motto has a similar general meaning: Decoptus florio (or, deceiptae flores), meaning roughly "cut down, I shall flourish again." But I digress; I just found the similarities between the crest and motto of the Stewarts of Newhalls in Dalmeny and the Winslows in my own family interesting.)

Some might make an issue of the way the buckles are oriented in the Stewart quarters in these two depictions: to sinister in the embroidery; and to chief on the tomb outside. For myself, I think the direction of the buckles (or more specifically, the tongues the buckles) is something that makes no real difference and can probably be ascribed to the preferences of the artists involved. Just my two cents' worth. If you know of some case in heraldry where the direction of the buckles is clearly considered to be a difference, I'd love to learn about it.

I will note that Sir John Brooke-Little in his An Heraldic Alphabet says that "In blazon it is safest to detail the type of buckle, the way it lies on the shield (if not upright) and the position of the tongue," but he gives no rationale for this statement. I can see blazoning the type of buckle if that is important to the owner of the arms, but I'm not so sanguine about the rest. Still, I remain a student of heraldry, and can certainly be swayed in my opinion about this by evidence that it is a more important detail than I currently believe.

Thursday, October 12, 2017

Embroidered Arms

I didn't discuss this piece of heraldic embroidery when I first discussed the heraldry of the organ loft in St. Cuthbert's Church in Dalmeny, Scotland, on September 25, 2017 (, since I was concentrating on the displays of the arms of the Earl of Rosebery then.

But any display of heraldry is worth looking at on its own, and so today we come back to the other coat of arms on the organ loft, that of Moubray.

Burke's General Armory gives two branches of the Moubray family bearing these arms, one in Barnbougle, county Edinburgh, and one in Cockairny, county Fife. The blazon is Gules a lion rampant argent ducally crowned or. The crests of the two branches, neither of which appears in this embroidery, are A demi-lion gules and A demi-lion argent, respectively.

It's a beautiful piece of embroidery, with well-done outlining and shading throughout, and a worthy remembrance of the Moubray family here in St. Cuthbert's.

Monday, October 9, 2017

An Heraldic Stray in Scotland?

Continuing our tour of St. Cuthbert's Church in Dalmeny, Scotland, we ran across this 1985 grant of arms from Lord Lyon King of Arms Malcolm Innes of Edingight.

It's a grant of municipal arms to the Town of Dalmeny, blazoned as Per fess vert and azure on a fess between two primroses or and a thistle argent a cross anchory between two garbs or. The crest is A lion's jambe gules maintaining a prairie lily slipped and leaved proper. (The blazons give here are my own, and not Lord Lyon's, and follows the more modern convention of repeating tinctures where needed in the blazon, rather than using the sometimes confusing "of the last" and "of the first.")

It was when I was reading more carefully through the text of the grant that it struck me that this was not a grant to the town of Dalmeny, Scotland, where we were visiting St. Cuthbert's Church, but the town of Dalmeny, Saskatchewan, Canada! Apparently I had completely overlooked the little plaque below the shield stating quite clearly:

Presented To
Dalmeny, Scotland
Dalmeny, Saskatchewan, Canada

So, not an "heraldic stray," exactly, but a gift from the grantee to its namesake town in Scotland.

And just how cool is that?

Thursday, October 5, 2017

Stained Glass Heraldry (Updated with New Information)

There are three beautiful stained glass windows in St. Cuthbert's Church in Dalmeny, Scotland.

These windows - of the Madonna and Holy Child, St. Theresa, and St. Margaret - were commissioned in memory of his mother by a Polish officer (who wished to remain anonymous) of the 10th Polish Mechanised Brigade which formed in Douglas during WWII. The windows were created by Miss Lalia Dickson, who exhibited at the Royal Scottish Academy sporadically between 1936 and 1957.

The central window of the Madonna and Infant Christ displays the coat of arms of Poland (though the eagle here, while usually crowned or, is crowned argent here).

The south window, of St. Margaret, has a shield which is probably meant to symbolize Edinburgh, though it is not Edinburgh's coat of arms. Here, the shield would be blazoned Azure a triple-towered castle argent.

The north window, with St. Theresa (probably St. Theresa of Lisieux given the presence of the flowers), displays an as-yet unidentified coat of arms.

The arms of Krakow, Poland have been mentioned as a possibility, but a quick comparison of the arms here with those of Krakow (immediately below) are very much greater than the differences between the arms in the south window and those of Edinburgh.

I do not believe that Krakow is a likely candidate, but I do not have a better suggestion to make at this time. It is very difficult to make out what the lion is holding in its paw, though a ring of keys is certainly a strong possibility.

In any event, these three windows are a beautiful (and heraldic) tribute to a man's mother.

UPDATE: I ran across this depiction of the arms of the Polish herb Zaremba done by Tania Crossingham. There is an obvious similarity to the arms in the window here, though there are some clear differences, too (the lack of the gems in base, and the lions here appear to be holding something in their paws).

Monday, October 2, 2017

Primrose, Maybe?

A minor heraldic mystery at St. Cuthbert's Church in Dalmeny, Scotland, is the coat of arms carved into one of the corbels there.

The arms are clearly (and nicely!) carved as Two chevronels between three roses.

Unfortunately, no attribution has been found for these arms. Ian Shepherd, who wrote an article in Tak Tent No. 72 (the quarterly newsletter of the Heraldry Society of Scotland) about our visit to St. Cuthbert's Church in Dalmeny, notes the citation in Burke for Primrose, Azure a chevron or between three primroses slipped proper, and posits that these are "Primrose Arms of some type."

A quick look at the Dictionary of British Arms shows that the greatest number of "two chevrons between three roses" have been used by Wickham/Wykeham, Argent two chevronels sable between three roses gules. There was also a Russel/Roscel which bore arms in this pattern. Azure two chevronels or between three roses argent.

So - Primrose, Wickham, Russel, or someone completely different? It's a mystery that might never be satisfactorily solved. And yet, it's lovely little display of heraldry!

Thursday, September 28, 2017

A Primrose-Cressy Achievement on St. Cuthbert's Church, Dalmeny

Clearly related to the displays of Lord Rosebery's arms inside St. Cuthbert's Church in Dalmeny, is a carved stone memorial set into the side of the church's exterior:

Looking more closely, the memorial is done in the form of a hatchment, and contains the arms of Cressy (the second and third quarters of the Rosebery arms), which are blazoned in Burke's General Armory as: Argent a lion rampant double-queued sable armed and langued gules. On the scroll below the shield I can mostly make out the first two words of the Rosebery motto, Fide et, though the remainder (which should be fiduciâ) has been much worn away, leaving us with the letters duc alone remaining legible.

The Cressy arms came into the Primrose family when Archibald, 1st Earl of Rosebery, married (in 1691) Dorothea, only child of Everingham Cressy, of Birkin, Yorkshire.

The two crests, one atop the helmet within the hatchment and the other on the pediment above the hatchment, are both the Primrose crest, A demi-lion gules holding in the dexter paw a primrose or (though the forepaw on the demi-lion on the pediment is extremely anemic).

It is definitely not the Cressy crest, which is variously given as Out of a ducal coronet or a demi-peacock proper or Out of a ducal coronet or a demi-eagle proper.

See what I mean about anemic?

The Primrose crest also appears on a corbel stone on display at the church, as well as an earl's coronet.

What a beautifully carved crest and coronet!

Monday, September 25, 2017

Family Heraldry in a Small Scottish Church

To return to our heraldic tour of Scotland following last year's International Congress of Genealogical and Heraldic Sciences, our next stop was the lovely little St. Cuthbert's Church in Dalmeny, where almost right off the bat we were attracted to this display of heraldry:

The carved achievement of arms in the center, and the framed embroidered arms to the left, are those of Primrose, Earl of Rosebery.

The arms are blazoned: Quarterly: 1 and 4, Vert three primroses within a double tressure flory counter-flory or (Primrose); 2 and 3, Argent a lion rampant double-queued sable (Cressy). Not shown in either of the depictions here is the crest, A demi-lion gules holding in the dexter paw a primrose or. The supporters are Two lions or, and the motto Fide et fiduciâ (By fidelity and confidence).

Ah, there's nothing quite like having your arms prominently on display for everyone whoever visits the church to see.

Thursday, September 21, 2017

When Is An "Improvement" Not Necessarily An Improvement?

I ran across an article on the internet recently that talked about graphic designer Vladan Pavlovic and his proposed a new visual identity for the Republic of Serbia. He wanted to explore how a new visual identity could change the perception people have of Serbia, both at home and abroad, and that would present the country as one of "peace, democracy and tolerance". I don't know that I'd go that far in describing it, but it's a well-done design, simple, clear, and readily recognizable. Indeed, Pavlovic claims his proposed design (for arms and banner) abides by the five principles of good flag design as outlined by the North American Vexillological Association, which advises that the pattern should be so simple that a child can draw it from memory.

So far, so good. But, then he also revised the coat of arms (dating to 1931, below) for the city of Belgrade.

Pavlovic's design reduces the number of elements in the coat of arms, which centers on the city's Kalemegdan fortress, with lines beneath symbolising the intersecting Danube and Sava rivers, and also reduces the number of colors to just two - eliminating the red ground used to symbolise blood spilled in battle over the course of the city's history, because he believes it has strong "negative associations".

I can understand the reasons behind his proposed redesign, and it certainly does simplify the (already not terribly complex) arms. But my first impression, not mitigated by further review, of his design always comes back to this:

No, they're really not all that much alike. And yet, I cannot see his proposed design without thinking of this last one.

Anyway, it's an interesting article, and I recommend it to you for further details and greater elucidation of his proposed designs for Serbia and for Belgrade there. It can be found on the website of de zeen magazine at

Monday, September 18, 2017

21st Century Attributed Arms

It's funny, sometimes, how you'll see something and it will just make a connection in your mind to something that you hadn't thought about much before.

In this specific case, it had been pointed out to me that one of the on-line tee shirt shops was offering a couple of heraldry-like designs for a currently-popular cable TV series. So I went out to look to see what they had, and then it struck me. These are what we call "attributed arms!"

Attributed arms, coats of arms designed and "attributed"  or ascribed to an individual who lived before the age of heraldry, or who may not have ever been real at all, have a long history in armorials. For example:


King Arthur

King David

Prester John

Even Jesus Christ

And the Three Magi, or Wise Men, who visited the infant Jesus have coats of arms ascribed to them.

I don't know why, all of a sudden, this time it forcefully struck me that these new, 21st Century designs could also be considered to be attributed arms, but it did.

So what were the designs that caused this epiphany? Qwertee's offerings of tee shirts bearing heraldic designs for two of the houses in HBO's series Game of Thrones:

House Targaryen, and

House Stark

I wonder if the designer/artist has any idea he/she is following a centuries-long tradition of creating arms for people and entities who didn't, for whatever reason, have heraldry of their own?

Thursday, September 14, 2017

To Whom Do These Arms Belong?

It's always interesting, visiting an art and/or antique store I've never been to before, because you just never know what you're going to find.

We've been looking lately for a painting or other art piece to go over the television in the living room. We're taking our time with it, because whatever we get we're going to be looking at for a long time. But our tastes are pretty similar, and we're pretty sure that when we see "it," we'll know.

In the process of that search, we went to an antiques store we'd never been to before. We didn't find the art that we were looking for, but we did find this:

It's clearly a large (I'm afraid a little too large to do well in our living room, but we were a little tempted by it anyway) memorial board. We were told that it came from a French church, but there wasn't a lot more they could tell us about it besides the (hefty) price.

I thought to myself that, given that it appears to be the shields of a husband and wife who are pretty clearly of the nobility, it shouldn't be all that hard to track down whom this board memorializes. It turns out, I was only partially correct.

The coronet appears to be that of a baron of The Netherlands. The supporters are two griffins or, armed and langued gules. The motto is Crux decus spes (Cross honor hope). (A slightly different motto, Crux decus et spes, was borne by Gerard du Demaine, per the Dictionnaire Des Devises Historiques Et Héraldiques, Vol 1.) The date of death at the bottom is 12 November 1885.

The wife's arms were actually as easy to track down as I thought the entire achievement would be. They are found in Rietstap's Armorial Général as:

Draeck (de) Anvers, Gand - (Barons, 18 mai 1782. M[aison]. ét[einte].). Écartelé: aux 1 et 4, d'azur, à un dragon ailé et écaillé d'or (de Draeck); aux 2 et 3, d'argent, à trois chevrons de gueules (de Wesele dit Sompecqui). Cimier le dragon. Supports deux dragons ailés et écaillés d'or lampassés de gueules.

My attempt at a translation into English makes it: Draeck (de)  Antwerp, Ghent (Barons, 18 May 1782. [Literally, House off. I assume that means the de Draeck line had died out by the late 1800s.] Quarterly: 1 and 4, Azure a dragon [which the English would blazon a wyvern] winged and scaled or (de Draeck); 2 and 3, Argent three chevrons gules (de Wesele known as Sompecqui). Crest: A dragon as in the arms. Supporters: Two dragons winged and scaled or langued gules.

And the arms appear in Rolland and Rolland's Illustrations to the Armorial Général:

But I was striking out completely on the husband's arms. Oh, Rietstap had plenty of quarterly arms with a gold rampant lion on a blue field in the first and fourth quarters, as here, but the other quarters were completely different from these. Riestap has only three entries for a red field with six white billets:

Esmez (Bretagne) De gueules, à six billettes d'argent.
Mauger (Normandie) De gueules, à six billettes d'argent.
Périchou de Kerversau (Bretagne) De gueules, à six billettes d'argent.

Not all that helpful, especially since the three entries are from Brittany and Normandy, on the west side of France, where the other identified arms, and the coronet, seem to indicate an origin in the Low Countries.

After asking on-line among some heraldry enthusiasts if anyone had any idea on who these arms could belong to, our friend Luc Duerloo provided an identification for the inescutcheon on the husband's arms, de Bousies, a Belgian noble family. (He also thinks the entire achievement looks Belgian.)

Here's an image of de Bousies, also as an escutcheon of pretence on a quarterly coat of arms (though, alas, an entirely different coat from the arms on the memorial board), from the Wapenboek van de Belgische Adel by Luc Duerloo and Paul Janssens. (It's a great book, basically an illustrated ordinary of Belgian arms, with a names list at the back. It's also cool that I know one of the authors personally. It's also a very thick book; I'm pretty sure it about doubled the weight of my suitcase when bringing it back to the States from where I purchased it in Europe.)

So there you have it. We've managed to identify two of the three shields on this memorial board. Unfortunately, the one so far been identified is the husband's arms, and that makes researching the rest of the family a lot more difficult. What little I've been able to find on de Draeck women has them marrying men who bear different coats of arms from the one here.

So if you think you might know to whom these arms belong, I'd love to hear your thoughts, because I've gone just about as far as I can in identifying them, and I'd really like to know more.

And, of course, if you have the room at your place (and a few thousand dollars laying about the house just waiting to be spent) for this memorial board, let me know and I'll tell you where this heraldic gem is currently hanging out and waiting for the right buyer to come along.

Monday, September 11, 2017

Badges From Two Different Traditions

Parked outside Dumfries House while we were visiting there was a passenger van emblazoned with two different badges.

One of the two badges was, naturally enough, that of Dumfries House:

consisting of a type of breast star often used by knightly orders (here, a style often seen on breast stars of the Order of the Thistle), with the initials D and H (for Dumfries House, obviously) and surmounted in chief by a very exuberant thistle (hello, Scotland).

The other badge was that of Al-Maktoum College of Dundee:

The van being, as it clearly notes below the College badge:

Sponsored by
Al-Maktoum College of Higher Education

The badge is an interesting, somewhat modernized take on traditional Islamic design, and consists of a voided octagon interlaced with a series of eight loops, pointed and arranged to create an eight-pointed star in the center.

Both badges were interesting, especially when juxtaposed onto a single item (the van) as they were.

Thursday, September 7, 2017

Banners at Dumfries House

Above the main entrance to Dumfries House, atop the pediment with the achievement of arms that I discussed in my last post, is a flagpole with the Dumfries House Flag.

A sign nearby entitled "Dumfries House Flag Protocol" discusses the three flags which are flown at various times by the House.

Of the other two, one is the Standard for Scotland of Prince Charles, Duke of Rothesay, and is flown whenever he is in residence at the House. The third is the Union Flag (I appreciate them not calling it the "Union Jack") which is flown on certain birthdays.

At all other times, the flag flown on the House, as it was the day we were there, is the Dumfries House Flag. Of this flag, we are informed:

[The Dumfries House Flag] incorporates the Coat of Arms granted to the Great Steward of Scotland's Dumfries House Trust in 2015. The Arms contain reference to those principally involve in the evolution of the estate. The two blue lions on white background come from the Crichton Arms and commemorate the original purchase of the estate by William Crichton, 1st Earl of Dumfries, in 1635. The two red lions allude to the Royal Arms of Scotland and the intervention of the Duke of Rothesay to save the house. The black saltire and gold lozenge allude to the Arms of William Crichton-Dalrymple, 5th Earl of Dumfries, who commissioned the Adam brothers to build the house.

I'm not certain why the House flag was give a black saltire instead of a blue one; of all of the Dalrymple arms that I can find with this motif, it is always a saltire azure.

Be that as it may, there you have it, a whole lot of history all wrapped up into a single heraldic flag, flying proudly above the Dumfries House in Ayrshire.

Monday, September 4, 2017

A Pleasant "Little" House in Scotland's Countryside

The next stop on our heraldic tour of Scotland was Dumfries House in Ayrshire. Alas, I'm not going to be able to share with any but a very little of the heraldry we saw there, as the House is owned by the National Trust and does not allow photographs to be taken inside. Still, I'll do what I can.

William Dalrymple-Crichton, 5th Earl of Dumfries KT (1699-1768) inherited the title of Earl of Dumfries in 1742, upon the death of his mother Penelope Crichton, 4th Countess of Dumfries. He commissioned Robert Adam, and John Adam to build Dumfries House, which was completed between 1754 and 1759.

Naturally, as the home of a Scottish peer, there is an impressive achievement of arms displayed on the pediment over the main entrance.

You should click on the image above to go to the large-size picture, so as to see all of the detail involved in this display of heraldry.

The arms are: Quarterly: 1 and 4, Argent a lion rampant azure armed and langued gules (Crichton); 2, Or on a saltire azure nine lozenges or (Dalrymple); 3, Azure three water bougets or (Crichton). The arms are surrounded by the collar of the Order of the Thistle and surmounted by the coronet of an Earl. The supporters are: Two lions rampant crowned. Motto: God send grace (Creighton, per Fairbairn’s Crests).

The circle on the left (dexter) is the star of the Order of the Thistle within a ribband of the order and surmounted by the coronet of an Earl, while the one on the right is the crest (A wyvern statant breathing flames wings addorsed) within a ribband of the order and surmounted by the coronet of an Earl.

The crest can also be found elsewhere as a decorative element on some of the drainpipes on the exterior of the House:

But I digress. To return to the pediment: the foliage on each side of the central achievement and on both ends is a combination of roses and thistles, slipped and leaved.

I'm pretty sure they wanted to make sure that everyone knew whose house this was, so as not to get it confused with any of the other great houses in the county. Or as a way of marking their territory.

It is, in any case, as Charles Burnett and Mark Dennis put it so well in their book Scotland's Heraldic Heritage: The Lion Rejoicing, "an exuberant union of family, art and history."

Thursday, August 31, 2017

A Royal Ceiling

In the portion of Craufurdland Castle they call "the Laird's house," which was built in the 1600s, there is the King Charles Room. It is named that because of the ornate plaster ceiling which contains, among other decorative elements (just look at all that scrollwork!), the Royal Arms of King Charles I as used in Scotland.

The Royal Arms take up a square in the center of the ceiling:

Elsewhere we find examples of the Royal supporters - the unicorn and the lion - standing alone as decorative motifs.

And way off over in one corner is the date, 1648, with some more detail of the ornate scrollwork seen throughout the ceiling.

The current Laird told us that he didn't believe that Charles I ever stayed at the Castle. I have no doubt, though, that if he ever had, that this is the bedroom he would have been given to sleep in.

Now, though, it's just the bedroom of one of the Laird's daughters.

But with a really great ornate heraldic ceiling.