Thursday, March 29, 2018

Another Armorial Painting

Continuing our review of some of the heraldry in Mount Stuart, we came across this armorial gem.

The identification of the subject is made pretty easy, as in addition to the coat of arms above his right shoulder, there is an inscription above his left:

Lorde Gvylyam,
Erell of Penbroke

This is most likely, based on a review of the lives and times of the few Williams, Earls of Pembroke/Penbroke, "William Herbert, 1st Earl of Pembroke, K.G. Master of the Horse 1548-52, President of the Royal Council in Wales 1550-3 and 1555-8, and Captain General of the English Army in France 1557, who was installed a knight of the Garter in 1549, and elevated to the peerage as Baron Herbert of Cardiff, co. Glamorgan, 10 Oct. 1551, and on the morrow, created Earl of Pembroke. ... He d. 17 March, 1569-70, and was buried in the cathedral of St. Paul's on the 18th April following."

(It is also possible, though I think less likely based on his suit, that this is a portrait of "William Herbert, 3rd Earl of Pembroke, K.G., chancellor of the University of Oxford, and lord-chamberlain of the household, b. 8 April 1580, m. 4 Nov. 1604, Mary, eldest dau. of Gilbert, 7th Earl of Shrewsbury, and co-heir to the Baronies of Talbot, Strange, Blackmere, and Furnival; but d. without surviving issue, 10 April, 1630, when the honours devolved upon his brother, Philip.")

The arms, placed within the Garter (note the painting also shows him wearing the collar of the Order of the Garter), have Herbert (Per pale azure and gules three lions rampant argent, seen in other locations in Mount Stuart; for example, in the stained glass window below) in the first quarter differenced by a bordure compony. And in fess point there is a crescent or for difference, the cadency mark of a second son.

These differences - the bordure and the crescent - stem from the time the Earldom came back into the Herbert family, following it's being held by Edward Plantagenet, son and heir of King Edward IV, and then by Anne Bullen (or Boleyn), created Marchioness of Penbroke by King Henry VIII in 1532.

Monday, March 26, 2018

Family History in a Couple of Armorial Paintings

In my last post, you may have noticed a distinctive coat of arms at the top of one of the stained glass windows: Gules crusilly or a saltire argent. (That coat can also be found adorning the chapel at Mount Stuart, below.)

This coat of arms came into the Stuart (and later, Crichton-Stuart) family from the marriage of John Stuart, Viscount Montstuart, and Charlotte Jane Hickman-Windsor, daughter of Herbert Windsor, 2nd Viscount Windsor, and Alice Clavering. As heir to her father's estates, Charlotte brought some very large estates, especially in south Wales, with her into the marriage.

John Stuart, Viscount Mount Stuart, in 1776 was elevated to the peerage in his own right as Baron Cardiff of Cardiff Castle owing to his wife's lands in Wales. In 1792, he succeeded his late father as the 4th Earl of Bute, and in 1794 was created Viscount Mountjoy, Earl of Windsor (both titles held by his late father-in-law), and (1st) Marquess of Bute.

As you can see from the detail of the portrait above, he bears the Windsor arms in pretense (in right of his wife), and has surmounted the shield with a the coronet of a baron (as the title of Viscount was a courtesy title from his father).

And here, I believe, is a portrait of Charlotte Jane Hickman-Windsor, though the clothes she is wearing here are from a good 150 years (or more) before this time. Could it actually be a painting of one of her female ancestors? That is certainly possible, but I have found no likely candidates in the history of the Windsors. Were they painting portraits of 18th Century women wearing late 16th-early 17th Century clothing? I have no idea.

In any event, these are but two of several armorial portraits hung in some of the rooms at Mount Stuart. We'll be looking at more in upcoming posts, so as they say on TV, "stay tuned!"

Thursday, March 22, 2018

Speaking of Genealogical Displays of Heraldry

Though not quite as involved as the heraldic family tree ceiling in our last post, one of the staircases in Mount Stuart has some very impressive stained glass windows which describe some of the marriages within the family over the years.

Most noticeable are the arms of the Stuarts (Or a fess checky azure and argent within a double tressure flory counter-flory gules) and the Herberts (Per pale azure and gules three lions rampant argent), but you'll see a number of other families represented here as well.

(You may recognize the Herbert arms from the BBC television series Downton Abbey, which was filmed at Highclere Castle, the home of Herbert, Lord Carnarvon. The main gallery in the castle, which appeared throughout the series, has a number of shields around the first floor [second floor, to my American readers] balcony with the arms of Herbert, often impaling the arms of one or another of the women who married into the family. But I digress.)

Notice how they have continued the literal family "tree" motif here.

It's a remarkably impressive display of heraldry and family alliances.

Monday, March 19, 2018

Now _This_ Is an Armorial Family Tree

I'm sure that many of you have seen one or more of the many variations of a family tree that include the coats of arms of the people in it. (If you haven't, there's an example of one at, or an older one at

But let me tell you, at Mount Stuart there is an armorial family tree that so pales all the others by comparison, that I want to steal (and modify) a line from the movie Crocodile Dundee: "That's not an armorial family tree; this is an armorial family tree!"

Covering the entire ceiling of one of the ground floor rooms at Mount Stuart is an armorial family tree that puts all the others to shame.

I'm just going to leave these here for you. I'm sure that I could probably pull out my Burke's Peerage and follow most of the lines of this family as they are displayed here, but looking at this ceiling, I frankly don't think that anything more needs to be said, except: "This is an armorial family tree!"

Thursday, March 15, 2018

Speaking of Heraldic Accompaniments for the Home

And you thought your kegerator was a great addition to your house.

To borrow a line from the movie Crocodile Dundee: "That isn't a keg. This is a keg."

This is the Mount Stuart answer for when you have company over and someone mentions that they are feeling a bit parched.

Naturally, is has the arms of the Crichton-Stuarts on it, in etched brass in the same general style as many of the stall plates you might see in, say, St. Giles in Edinburgh or St. George's Chapel at Windsor.

The display of heraldry includes the arms (Quarterly Stuart and Crichton), with the coronet of a marquess replacing the torse, the demi-lion crest of the Stuarts issuant from the coronet, and a different version of the motto, Nobilis ira (Noble ardor), which my hardbound copy of Fairbairn's Crests cites as that of Creighton-Stuart (not that I think that the different spelling Crichton is any real difference), replacing the longer one we saw on the tapestries last time, Nobilis est ira leonis.

Once again, then, we have a little something to consider the next time you are looking for something cool for your house that you can also mark with your coat of arms.

Monday, March 12, 2018

A Little Heraldic Something for the Parlor

Going inside Mount Stuart is a heraldry enthusiast's dream; you can hardly turn around without seeing a coat of arms done in one fashion or another.

Say, for example, on a tapestry or two.

These two tapestries (you can click on the pictures above to see them in greater detail) are labeled "The Time of the Meeting" and "The Lord of the Hunt" in English and in Gaelic.

Each has, center top, the Stuart coat of arms (Or a fess checky azure and argent within a double tressure flory counter-flory gules) on an oval surmounted by the coronet of a marquess, supported by two winged cherubs who also carry, between them, the motto of the Crichton-Stuarts, Nobilis est ira leonis (The lion's anger is noble).

Nicely framed between the pillars supporting the ceiling in the room, these two tapestries are a warming, softening, and impressive, display.

Something to keep in mind the next time you're in the market for a little heraldic something to hang on the wall.

Thursday, March 8, 2018

Well, It's Not _All_ Heraldry

Okay, I have to admit, that despite all of the heraldry that can be seen at Mount Stuart (a lot of which I'll be sharing in upcoming posts), not every appropriate surface was covered with coats of arms or other heraldic designs.

Exhibit A:

As you can see (click on the picture above to see a bigger version), on this faux balcony on the exterior there are eight perfectly good shields.

With nothing on them.

Blank shields.

There may be a perfectly good reason for these empty shields on the exterior of the building. That is not for me to say. I will say that I was certainly tempted to get a long ladder, a paintbrush, and several cans of paint in heraldic colors.

Just sayin'.

Monday, March 5, 2018

A Home That Is Chock Full o' Heraldry

The next stop on our heraldic tour of the Isle of Bute was Mount Stuart, the home of the Marquesses of Bute, a lovely place in which it is pretty much impossible to even turn around without seeing heraldry. Of course, when you are designing a home for yourself and you have an important lineage, you'll probably go ahead and include the family coats of arms and crests all over the place, if only to try to overawe your visitors.

Mount Stuart was originally built in 1719 by the 2nd Earl of Bute, and rebuilt by the 3rd Marquess of Bute following a fire on December 3, 1877, which destroyed much of the house. Two Georgian wings survived, but the main house was completely redone in flamboyant Gothic Revival.

But, of course, it is the heraldry which is the main attraction to me, and there was heraldry to be seen before even entering the doors, in the form of a deeply carved achievement of arms.

Nice, not overstated, this display is something that any armiger might consider placing over a doorway. (Of course, in my case, there would be no supporters or coronet of rank, and but a single crest instead of the three here, but still, what a great way to display a full achievement of arms!)

The arms are, obviously, those of the Crichton-Stuart, Marquess of Bute: Quarterly: 1 and 4, Or a fess checky azure and argent within a double tressure flory counter-flory gules (Stuart); 2 and 3, Argent a lion rampant azure (Crichton). In this example, we also have in canton the badge of a Baronet of Nova Scotia. The three crests are: (center) A demi-lion rampant gules (Stuart); (dexter) A wyvern issuing fire from its mount all proper (Crichton); and (sinister) A wyvern proper holding in its mouth a sinister hand couped gules (Herbert). The supporters are: A stag proper attired or and A horse argent bridled gules. (The stag here is gorged with the coronet of a marquess proper chained gules, but those elements do not appear in the blazon in my copy of Burke's Peerage, which book also reverses the supporters so that the horse is the dexter supporter, and the stag the sinister one.)

We have seen all of these elements recently, in the display of the arms of John Crichton-Stuart, the 5th Marquess of Bute, that we saw in the Bute Museum and shared in our post dated February 26, 2018. (Note that the arrangement of the supporters in that display is reversed from the supporters here.)

If you look closely (you can also click on the image above to see a larger copy), you can also see the crossed key and tower on a staff behind the shield which we also saw on the display in the Bute Museum.

Watch for more examples of the Stuart, Crichton, and Herbert arms and crests as we make our way through Mount Stuart in the next several posts here.

Thursday, March 1, 2018

In Memory of a Duke

Going up the social ladder in our heraldic tour of the Bute Museum in Rothesay, we ran across this little heraldic gem:

It appears very much to me like a carved decoration from the stern of a large boat or small ship. It is beautifully carved -- just look at the way those thistles run from one end to the other, framing the achievement of arms in the center.

That is not to say it is without its issues. It appears to have been overpainted, more than once, and some of the colors used are incorrect (as you will notice when comparing the picture below to the blazon). Plus, the escallops in the husband's arms look more like garbs. And the ermine tails on the husband's fess and the small charges on the label on the wife's arms are lacking. The torse appears to be carved as a solid, straight bar perched precariously atop the helm.

It is the achievement of arms of Alexander William George Duff, 1st Duke of Fife, and his wife, H.R.H. Louise Victoria Alexandra Dagmar, the Princess Royal, eldest daughter of King Edward VII.

His arms are: Quarterly: 1 and 4, Or a lion rampant gules (Fife); 2 and 3, Vert a fess dancetty ermine between a stag's head cabossed in chief and two escallops in base or (Duff).

Her arms are the Royal Arms of Great Britain with an inescutcheon of Saxony and with a white label of five points charged alternately with three St. George's crosses and two thistles slipped and leaved proper.

The crest is A knight on horseback armed cap-à-pie. The supporters are Two savages wreathed about the head and waist with laurel and holding in their exterior hands a branch of a tree over the shoulder all proper. I am unable to make out the motto above the crest. (If I have to guess, I think it begins with "Deo", but my picture (and the overpainting) is not clear enough to make out much more than that.) The motto under the the shield is Virtute et operâ (By virtue and deeds).

Even with all of it's errors, though, it's an amazing display of heraldry, and a wonderful piece to run across in a little museum in Scotland.