Thursday, April 22, 2021

More Arms on the Hôtel d’Angleterre in Copenhagen?


Some of my more eagle-eyed readers may have noticed another coat of arms on the façade of the Hôtel d’Angleterre (Hotel of England, or English Hotel) in Copenhagen, seen in my last post.

Let's take another look:



Look closely, now. (It might help to click on either or both of the images above to see a larger version of each.) Below the name of the hotel, you can see a cartouche surrounded with the collar of the Order of the Elephant (Denmark's highest ranked honor).

Here's another example found on an awning at the hotel:


This one, though, while it is surrounded by a collar, that collar is clearly not that of the Order of the Elephant, nor of any other knightly order. (It's also a bit weird to have the shield of the arms placed on an eight-pointed star of a form like the star of a knightly order.) And the disconnected "wreath" which encircles that, is of oak to dexter (left) and laurel to sinister (right); the whole surmounted by a mural coronet (which usually indicative of a municipality rather than an individual).

The carved arms on the façade look real, but the version on the canopy look made up. So I am left with the question borrowed from an old audiotape commercial: Is it real, or is it Memorex just a made-up logo?

Fortunately for me (and for all of us, really), Denmark has digitized and uploaded the arms books of the Order of the Elephant and the Order of the Dannebrog from the 1600s through the 1990s. (The main page though which these books can be accessed is at: https://www.kongehuset.dk/vaabenboeger

In looking through the books, I found this coat of arms and other personal information at http://static-vb.kongehuset.dk/vb/01/html5forpc.html?page=0 for "Fridericus de Gram" (in Latin), or Frederick von Gram.


This is not the only member of the von Gram family to have been made a member of the Order of the Elephant (the other two being Frederick Charles von Gram and Charles Christian von Gramm), but looking up Frederick (or Friedrich) von Gram on-line, I discovered the following, which clinched the identity of the arms on the façade of the Hotel:

In Copenhagen, Gram owned the stately "Gramske Gård" (Gramschen Hof), which was built during the reign of Christian V by his Storkansler Friedrich von Ahlefeldt and which has been known since 1795 as the Hotel d'Angleterre.
https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friedrich_von_Gram

So now we know! The arms on the Hotel are real, despite the way they seem to have been turned into a logo on the awning there.

And, of course, we can now give them their proper tinctures, and blazon them as: Per pale: dexter, Azure in pale three mullets (of six points) or; sinister, Gules an increscent moon argent.

And just how great is it that we are able to do this detective work and find a definitive answer to the question asked above: Is it [a] real [coat of arms], or is it Memorex just a made-up logo?

Monday, April 19, 2021

Velkommen til Danmark, og Velkommen til København


So, having finished our heraldic tour of Belgium, in the cities of Antwerp and Ghent, we hopped a plane to Copenhagen, Denmark. And it didn't take us long to see heraldry there, either!

Indeed, on the way from the airport to our hotel, we passed the Hôtel d’Angleterre:*


Which has, right at the top center of its façade, the arms of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.


What this meant, of course, is that the first heraldry that we saw was what I described in another post just a couple of weeks ago as an "heraldic stray", a coat of arms belonging to someone or something from somewhere other than where it appeared.


The saving factor, if you will, of finding right off the bat (or rather, right off the airplane) the arms of the UK in central Copenhagen, Denmark, is that the same display of heraldry also features not one, not two, but three Dannebrogs, the Danish national flag (Gules a Nordic cross argent; a "Nordic cross" on a flag is one set to dexter, like a Latin cross fesswise).

So, as I said in the title to this post: Welcome to Denmark, and Welcome to Copenhagen.

Which welcome was followed almost immediately by a representation of the arms of the United Kingdom.

So there you go. Not quite what I had expected, but then, heraldry does seem to have a way of surprising us when we look for it.



* Yeah, I know. That name is not Danish; it is French, for the Hotel of England, or the English Hotel. I have no idea why a hotel in Copenhagen, Denmark, would be named in French.

Thursday, April 15, 2021

A Final Post from St. Bavo's Cathedral, Ghent, Belgium


This final post about heraldry in St. Bavo's Cathedral, and indeed the final post from Ghent and from Belgium, is a bit of potpourri of heraldry.

Are there more coats of arms in the cathedral that I haven't posted about? Yes, yes there are. But I have been unable to (so far) confirm the identity of the armigers, and since there are only so many hours in the day, and I've got other things to do (and to post about), and the final few coats of arms will require more and more time per coat to identify, thus leading to diminishing returns, we're going to call it quits for now.

Among the final few bits of heraldry, we have an interesting selection, done in glass, in metal, and in stone.


First up is this lovely window, with six coats of arms incorporated into it. Fortunately for us, they actually labeled each coat, making a rough identification very easy.


Running from left to right in the upper part of the window, we have the arms of:

Halewyn, Argent three lions rampant sable;
Kethulle, Sable a fess conjoined to a demi-pale in chief argent between three mullets of six points or;
Vilein, Sable a chief argent;
Crane, Quarterly: 1 and 4, Argent eight billets two one two one and two sable; 2 and 3, Gules; Ravescot, Or three ravens close sable; and
Ryne, Azure a millrind or.

(As always, you can click on the image above to see a larger, more detailed picture.)

Then, in metal, we ran across this heraldic "stray" (I call it a "stray" because it's found someplace where you wouldn't expect to find it, far from its home):


I always find it interesting, that nearly wherever I go, I seem to run across one depiction or another of the royal arms of England or Great Britain.

Here, of course, on the base of a stand, is the coat of arms of England from 1406 to 1603. Quarterly: 1 and 4, Azure three fleurs-de-lis or (France modern); 2 and 3, Gules three lions passant in pale or (England).

Finally, we have two armorial shields literally carved in stone:


On this highly ornate memorial, we have these arms:


These are the arms of Eugeen-Albert, count d'Allamont (1609–1673), Bishop of Ghent from 1666-1673. We know what the colors of the shield are, both from the stained glass window of the arms of the first 28 Bishops of Ghent, and from an armorial portrait of him (immediately below) that I ran across on Wikimedia.


The arms are blazoned: Gules a crescent on a chief argent a label of three tags azure.

And last, but certainly not least, we find this coat of arms:


These are the arms of Charles Maes (1559–1612), Bishop of Ghent from 1610-1612. Again, from the colored arms in the window commemorating the first 28 Bishops of Ghent, we know that these arms should be colored as: Azure three roses argent on a canton or a zule (column) gules.

And thus we end our heraldic tour of Antwerp and Ghent, Belgium. I hope that you have found at least some of these posts educational, or at the very least, sometimes interesting.

Next time, we head off to Denmark! Stay tuned to see what heraldic treasures we may have seen there!

Monday, April 12, 2021

And Then ... They Took Us Downstairs! Part 4


In this last part of the windows of the arms of the Knights of the Golden Fleece from the 1559 Chapter of the Order held in St. Bavo's Cathedral in Ghent, Belgium, we see these arms:


Pietro Antonio San Severino, Duke of San Marco: Argent a fess gules a bordure azure.

Maximilian, King of Bohemia, Archduke of Austria (later HRE Maximilian II) (1527-1576): Or a double-headed eagle displayed sable on its breast an inescutcheon: Quarterly: 1, Barry argent and gules; 2, Gules a lion rampant argent; 3, Per pale, Gules a fess argent, and Or two bendlets azure within a bordure gules; and 4, Quarterly: i and iv, Gules a tower or; ii and iii, Argent a lion rampant (purpure).

Charles, Baron de Berlaymont (1510-1578): Barry of six vair and gules.

Cosimo I de' Medici, Duke of Florence (later the first Grand Duke of Tuscany) (1519-1574). Or six torteaux one two two and one the chiefmost Azure three fleurs-de-lis or.

Claude de Vergy, Comte de Gruères (1495-1560): Gules three roses (or cinquefoils) or.

(Yes, there's another coat of arms in the lower right, but it's blocked from view. Sorry!)


Here we have the top windows that specify that these are Knights of the Golden Fleece of the 1559 Chapter. Beneath those windows, we see the arms of:

Iñigo Lopez de Mendoza, 4th Duke of l'Infantado (1503-1566). Per saltire: chief and base, Or the words Ave Maria in chief and Gratia Plena in base sable; in fess, Azure a bend sinister gules fimbriated or. The quarters are reversed in the window from what they ought to be. It may be that the arms were rotated clockwise 45 degrees when they were placed in the window, because if they were rotated 45 degrees counter-clockwise, they would be correct. Feel free to go back a few posts to compare with the stall plate for the Duke.

Friedrich von Fürstenberg (1496-1559): Or an eagle displayed gules a bordure per bordure nebuly azure and argent.

Joachim, Seigneur [lord] de Rye: Quarterly: 1 and 4, Azure an eagle displayed or; 2 and 3, Azure a bend or. (Yes, they did the bend effectively as a bordure here. Just another one of the issues of trying to place quartered arms on a lozenge shape!)

Ponthus de Lalaing, Seigneur de Bugnicourt: Gules ten lozenges conjoined three three three and one argent.

And this concludes our look at the stained glass windows of the arms of the knights of the Order of the Golden Fleece, tucked away in the bowels of St. Bavo's Cathedral.

I hope you have enjoyed this little tour!

Thursday, April 8, 2021

And Then ... They Took Us Downstairs! Part 3


Today we look at the stained glass coats of arms of the Knights of the Golden Fleece from the 1559 Chapter held in the Cathedral, hidden away from the general public's view.

Here again, you can compare these arms to those on the stall plates we looked at earlier. And, of course, you can always click on an image to see a larger, more detailed picture of the arms.


Philippe de Stavele, Baron de Chaumont (1508-1562): Ermine a bend gules.

Andrea Doria, 1st Prince of Melfi (1466-1560): Per fess or and argent two ragged staffs in saltire gules overall an eagle displayed sable.

John III, King of Portugal (1502-1557), Charles V's brother-in-law. Argent five escutcheons in cross azure each charged with five plates in saltire all within a bordure gules semy of towers or.

Ascanio Sforza-Sforza, Count of Santa Fiora (1520-1575): Azure a lion rampant or maintaining in its sinister forepaw a rose or slipped and leaved argent.

Antonio Doria, Marquis of San Stefano: Per fess or and argent an eagle displayed sable crowned or between in dexter chief a demi-sun issuant and in fess two flames gules. (We missed seeing his arms in the stall plates, as it was tucked away out of view from where I was standing to take the picture. Sorry about that!)

Ottavio Farnese, Duke of Parma (1524-1586): Or on a pale gules between six fleurs-de-lis azure an ombrellino surmounted by a pair of keys in saltire or.


Jean de Hennin, 1st Comte de Boussu (1480-1562): Gules a bend or.

Jehan de Luxembourg, Count of Ligny: Argent a lion rampant gules langued and crowned or overall a label of three tags azure.

Jean de Ligne, Comte d'Arenberg (1525-1568): Quarterly: 1 and 4, Or a bend gules; 2 and 3, Argent three lions rampant gules.

Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alva (1508-1582): Checky of fifteen argent and azure.

Wratislaw von Pernstein (1530-1582): Or a bull’s head cabossed sable ringed or.

Charles de Brimeu, Comte de Meghem (1524/25-1572): Argent three eagles displayed gules.

Next time, we'll finish up these windows. See you then!

Monday, April 5, 2021

And Then ... They Took Us Downstairs! Part 2


Continuing our look at the stained glass windows with the arms of Knights of the Golden Fleece from the 1445 Chapter of the Order, find:



Gules a bend sinister or. (Possibly de Hennin, Seigneurs and Counts de Boussu, whose arms were Gules a bend or, but the dates of their induction and death do not permit them to be members at the time of the Chapters.) A little more likely is that the arms here are a miscoloration and reversal of Jehan de Neufchâtel, Seigneur de Montagu, Gules a bend argent.

Argent a fess sable. Could this be a reversal of the tinctures in the arms of Henry de Borsele, Seigneur of Vere, Count of Grandpre: Sable a fess argent? Given some of the other miscoloration issues in these windows, I think it likely.

Frédéric, called Valeran, Count of Meurs: Quarterly: 1 and 4, Or a fess sable; 1 and 3, Sable a double-headed eagle displayed argent Quarterly: 1 and 4, Or a fess sable; 2 and 3, Azure a double-headed eagle displayed argent.

Florimond de Brimeu, Seigneur of Massincourt, or Jacques de Brimeu, Seigneur of Grigny, or David de Brimeu, Seigneur of Ligny: Quarterly: 1 and 4, Argent three eagles displayed gules; 2 and 3, Argent a bend gules. (It's always tougher to identify a coat of arms when you have several members of the same family as knights of the Order at the same time. Just sayin'.)


André, Seigneur of Humières: Argent fretty sable. (Yeah, I know the field looks gules here, but I suspect that is a result of other factors like impurities in the glass, background colors bleeding through, and/or something similar.)

Jehan de Melun, Seigneur d'Antoing. Azure seven roundels one two one two and one a chief or. The more common arrangement of the roundels is three, three, and one.


Jean bâtard of Luxembourg, Seigneur of Hautbourdin: Argent a lion rampant queue forchy gules debruised by a bendlet sable. (The window has the arms reversed, making the lion “rampant to sinister” and the bendlet a “bendlet sinister”.)

Baudot de Noyelles-Wion, Seigneur of Casteau: Gules three bars gemel overall a label of three tags or. (His stall plate has the bars as argent.) We saw these arms in the previous post, as well.

And finally, to finish off the arms of the knights of the 1445 Chapter:


Jehan, Seigneur of Comines: Gules a chevron or between three escallops argent a bordure or.

Jean II, Duke of Alençon, Count of Perche: Azure three fleurs-de-lis or a bordure gules bezanty. (The bordure should be platy, e.g., semy of roundels argent, and the glassworker made the “roundels” as squares. Well, sure, it’s easier to do it that way in glass!)

Next time, we find arms from the 1559 Chapter of the Order of the Golden Fleece.

Thursday, April 1, 2021

And Then ... They Took Us Downstairs!


Continuing our guided tour of St. Bavo's Cathedral in Ghent, Belgium, we were led into areas of the cathedral that the public generally doesn't see. For example, the rooms where the cathedrals vestments are kept. Which is what my wife, a fiber and textile artist, was especially interested in.

For myself, I was entranced by, and rapidly circumnavigated the rooms to photograph, the windows, which contained many of the coats of arms of the knights of the Order of the Golden Fleece (which we have been reviewing in recent posts).

Of course, they actually made it very easy to tell that these were arms of the knights of the Order:


And, of course, the arms of the Bishop of St. Bavo's Cathedral were prominently displayed in  the windows there. Here's two pictures taken from different angles of the same window:



We have seen these arms elsewhere in the cathedral. The are blazoned: Azure on a lion rampant argent crowned or three bars gules.

And then, of course, there were the arms of the knights themselves. Here's the first batch from the Chapter held in the Cathedral in 1445. (That they all appear on lozenges does not mean that they are women's arms; it was seemingly just an artistic decision to place them in the windows in this shape.)

The identifications of these arms, which you can go back and compare with their stall plates from recent posts - because they don't always match! - are identified in each window from left to right, top to bottom:


Here we see the arms of:

Simon de Lalaing, Seigneur of Santes: Gules ten lozenges conjoined three three three and one or. His stall plate makes the lozenges correctly argent, with the first lozenge charged with a lion rampant gules.

Ruprecht, Count of Virnebourg: Argent seven lozenges four conjoined in fess and three conjoined in fess gules. His stall plate makes the field or.

Philip III (the Good), Duke of Burgundy, Lothier, Brabant, and Limbourg, Count of Flanders, Artois, and Palatine Burgundy (and more, hidden by the shelf; he was also the Grand Master of the Order of the Golden Fleece at the time of the 1445 Chapter): Burgundy overall an inescutcheon Or a lion rampant sable.

Charles of Burgundy, Count of Charolais: Burgundy overall a label of three tags argent.

Next up, we have:


Jehan, Seigneur of Créqui and Canaples: Or a crequier gules.

Argent four pallets gules. Is it possible that these are meant to be the arms of Alfonso V, King of Aragon and Naples: Or four pallets gules (Aragon)? Argent four pallets gules are the arms of the Marquis of Arpajon (inducted as a member of the Order in 1711) and of the Counts of Schaffgotsch (inducted as members of the Order in 1694, 1731, 1739, and 1785). But these inductions are all far too late for either of the Chapters held at St. Bavo’s Cathedral.

Guilbert de Lannoy, Seigneur of Villerval and Tronchienes: Argent three lions rampant vert a label azure. The arms in the window are missing the bordure engrailed gules.

Florimond de Brimeu, Seigneur of Massincourt, or Jacques de Brimeu, Seigneur of Grigny, or David de Brimeu, Seigneur of Ligny: Argent three eagles displayed gules. (Is the thing in the center an escallop sable for difference? I don't know.)


In this window, we see:

Jean VI, Duke de Bretagne [Duke of Brittany] and Count of Montfort Trepassé: Ermine.

Jean IV, Seigneur of Auxy: Checky or and gules.

Franck de Borsele, Count of Ostrevant: Quarterly: 1 and 4, Sable a fess argent; 2 and 3, Gules three zules (or columns) argent.

Jehan de Croy, Seigneur of Tour sur Marne, or Antoine de Croy, Count of Porcéan, Seigneur of Renty: Quarterly: 1 and 4, Argent three bars gules; 2 and 3, Argent three axes gules the two in chief addorsed.

Someone stepped in front of me as I was taking this photograph, so the arms in the lower left are obscured. We will see the hidden arms in the next post.  

Baudot de Noyelles-Wion, Seigneur of Casteau: Gules three bars gemel a label or. (We will see these arms again in our next post.)

Next time, the rest of the arms from the 1445 Chapter placed in these windows.

Monday, March 29, 2021

Stall Plates of the XXIII Chapter of the Order of the Golden Fleece, 1559, Part 4


In our final post of the stall plates of the XXIII Chapter of the Order of the Golden Fleece held in 1559 in St. Bavo's Cathdral, we see the following.

As always, I recommend clicking on an image to see a larger and more detailed photo of these armorial plates.

Anyway, from left to right, we have:


Don Carlos of Spain, eldest son of Phillip II (1545-1568): blank shield.

Alfonso de Aragon y Portugal, Count of Ampurias, 2nd Duke of Segorbe, 3rd Duke Consort of Cardona (1489–1563): blank shield. (His father’s arms were: Paly of three: Dexter, Or four pallets gules (Aragon); Center: Per fess gules and argent a tower or and a lion rampant gules; and Sinister: Per saltire: chief and base, Or four pallets gules; dexter and sinister, Argent an eagle displayed sable (the Two Sicilies).)

Philippe de Stavele, Baron de Chaumont (1508-1562): Ermine a bend gules.

Philippe de Montmorency, Count of Horn (1518-1568): Or a cross gules between sixteen eagles displayed four four four and four sable.

Immediately below those four plates we have:


William I, Prince of Orange, seigneur de Breda (1533-1584): Quarterly: 1, Azure billety a lion rampant or; 2, Or a lion rampant gules crowned sable; 3, Gules a fess argent; 4, Gules two lions passant guardant in pale or; overall an inescutcheon: Quarterly: i and iv, Gules a bend or; ii and iii, Or a hunting horn azure stringed gules, overall an inescutcheon Checky of nine or and azure (or, Or a cross quarter-pierced azure) (Châlon-Arlay as Princes of Orange).

Johan I of East Frisia (1506-1572): Per pale: Sable a frauenadler between four mullets pierced or; Per bend azure and gules, two lions rampant or, on a chief or an eagle displayed issuant sable (or, a chief of the Empire).

Francisco Fernando d'Avalos d'Aquino, 5th Marquis of Pescara (?-1571): Quarterly: 1 and 4, Gules a tower or a bordure compony argent and gules; 2 and 3, Quarterly: i and iv, Or three bendlets gules; ii and iii, Per fess argent and gules a lion rampant counterchanged.

Ascanio Sforza-Sforza, Count of Santa Fiora (1520-1575): Azure a lion rampant or maintaining in its sinister forepaw a rose or slipped and leaved proper.

And last, but certainly not least, we see:


Archduke Ferdinand of Austria, Margrave of Burgau, second son of Emperor Ferdinand I (1529-1595): A very complex coat of arms, as you might expect, and one which I am not going to blazon here. Feel free to make the attempt yourself; I won't try to stop you.

Jean de Lannoy, Seigneur de Molembaix (1509-1560): Quarterly: 1 and 4, Argent three lions rampant azure; 2 and 3, Quarterly: i and iv, Gules a winged arm or maintaining a sword erect proper; ii and iii, Argent a lion rampant sable crowned or; overall, an inescutcheon of Burgundy.

And this ends our look at the stall plates of the 1559 Chapter of the Order of the Golden Fleece, held in St. Bavo's Cathedral in Ghent, Belgium. I hope that you have found this review of the stall plates from both the 1445 and 1559 Chapters on exhibit in the Cathedral to have been of interest.

Now if I could just get my own coat of arms painted on a large board in the manner of these stall plates. (Of course, I have no idea where I would hang it! I can't think of any really good spaces in my house for such a display of armory.)

Thursday, March 25, 2021

Stall Plates of the XXIII Chapter of the Order of the Golden Fleece, 1559, Part 3


Continuing with our review of the heraldic stall plates of the XXIII Chapter of the Order of the Golden Fleece held in 1559 in St. Bavo's Cathedral in Ghent, Belgium, we have the following, from left to right:


As always, I recommend clicking on an image to see a larger and thus more detailed photograph.

Pedro Fernandez de Velasco, 3rd Duke of Frias (1485-1559): Checky of nine or and per fess nebuly argent and azure, a bordure compony gules and argent charged alternately with towers or and lions rampant purpure crowned or.

Ferrante Gonzaga, Duke of Ariano: Argent a cross formy throughout gules between four eagles displayed sable, overall an inescutcheon Quarterly: i and iv, Or two bars sable; ii and iii, Gules a lion rampant argent.

Jean de Hennin, 1st Comte de Boussu (1480-1562): Gules a bend or.

Andrea Doria, 1st Prince of Melfi (1466-1560): Per fess or and argent an eagle displayed sable between four ragged staffs in saltire gules.

Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alva (1508-1582): Checky of fifteen argent and azure. (This could also be blazoned: Argent two bars azure a pale counterchanged, though I think that blazon is a little less elegant.)

Albert V, Duke of Bavaria (1528-1579): Quarterly: 1 and 4, Sable a lion rampant or; 2 and 3, Lozengy bendwise azure and argent.

In the row of plates immediately below that one, we have, from left to right:


Ottavio Farnese, Duke of Parma (1524-1586): Or on a pale gules between six fleurs-de-lis azure an ombrellino or surmounted by a pair of keys in saltire or and argent. We have seen a slightly later iteration of the Farnese arms in the person of Alexander Farnese (1545-1592), Duke of Parma, who was the son of Ottavio here, in a stained glass window in the Cathedral of Our Lady in Antwerp.

Friedrich von Fürstenberg (1496-1559): Or an eagle displayed gules a bordure per bordure nebuly argent and azure.

Ponthus de Lalaing, Seigneur de Bugnicourt: Gules ten lozenges conjoined three three three and one argent.

Claude de Vergy, Comte de Gruères (1495-1560): Gules three roses (or cinquefoils) or.

Peter Ernest I von Mansfeld-Vorderort, Count of Mansfeld (1517-1604): Quarterly: 1 and 4: Quarterly: i and iv, Gules three bars argent; ii and iii, Argent six lozenges conjoined throughout three and three gules; 2, Sable an eagle displayed argent crowned beaked and legged or; 3, Azure a lion rampant or overall a bend compony gules and argent.

Next up, still left to right, we find:


Pierre de Barbançon, Stadtholder of Hainault: Azure billety a lion rampant argent armed and langued gules.

Henry II, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (1489-1568): Quarterly: 1, Gules two lions passant guardant in pale or; 2, Or semy of hearts gules a lion rampant azure (sable?); 3, Azure a lion rampant argent crowned armed and langued or; and 4, Gules a lion rampant or a bordure compony azure and argent.

Philippe de Croy, 3rd Duc d'Aerschot (1521-1595): Quarterly: 1 and 4, Argent three bars gules; 2 and 3, Argent three axes the two in chief addorsed gules. We have seen these arms earlier among the stall plates of the Knights of the Order of the Golden Fleece in the Chapter held in 1445, in the persons of Antoine de Croy and Jehan de Croy.

That's all for this time! Isn't it enough? No? Well, we've got one more post with the remainder of these stall plates for you. Stay tuned!

Monday, March 22, 2021

Stall Plates of the XXIII Chapter of the Order of the Golden Fleece, 1559, Part 2


Continuing our review of the stall plates in St. Bavo's Cathedral in Ghent, Belgium, from the Chapter of the Order of the Golden Fleece held there in 1559, we find the following:


In the top row, from left to right, we have the arms of:

Charles de Brimeu, Comte de Meghem (1524/25-1572): Argent three eagles displayed gules beaked and legged sable. (We have seen these arms among the stall plates from the Chapter held here in 1445.)

Charles, Baron de Berlaymont (1510-1578): Barry of six vair and gules.

Luis Enriquez de Cabrera, 2nd Duke of Medina de Rioseco (?-1572): a blank shield

Gonzalo II Fernández de Córdoba (1520-1578): A horrendously complex shield. Please feel free to click on the image above to see a larger version with more detail of the many and complex quarters in this coat of arms.

And in the bottom row, still left to right:

(hidden) Antonio Doria, Marquis of San Stefano; Per fess or and argent an eagle displayed sable crowned or between in dexter chief a demi-sun issuant from chief or rayed gules and issuant from each flank a flame gules.

Wratislaw von Pernstein (1530-1582): Or a bull’s head cabossed sable ringed or.

Jean de Montmorency, Siegneur de Courrière (?-1563): Or on a cross gules between sixteen eagles displayed four four four and four sable, a mullet of eight points argent.

Jean IV, Marquis de Berghes (1528-1567): Per fess: Per pale sable a lion rampant or and Or three pallets gules; and Vert three mascles two and one argent.


Just two plates in this set (left to right):

Jean de Ligne, Comte d'Arenberg (1525-1568): Quarterly: 1 and 4, Or a bend gules; 2 and 3, Argent three lions rampant gules.

Maximilien de Bourgogne, Marquis de Vere and Lord of Beveren: Very complex quartered arms plus inescutcheon; effectively, it is Burgundy quartered with a variant of Bourbon, with an inescutcheon Sable a fess argent.  Maximilian was a descendant of Antoine, bastard of Burgundy, an illegitimate son of Philip the Good.



And to finish up our review of these stall plates today, we have the armorial achievements of:

Archduke Ferdinand of Austria, King of Bohemia, Hungary, and Croatia, Archduke of Austria (later Holy Roman Emperor) (1503-1564): Or a double-headed eagle sable, on it's breast an escutcheon: Quarterly: 1 and 4: Quarterly: i and iv, Barry argent and gules; ii and iii, Gules a lion rampant argent; 2, Quarterly: i and iv, Gules a tower or; ii and iii, Argent a lion rampant purpure; 3, Burgundy (too complex to spend much time blazoning).

John III, King of Portugal (1502-1557), Charles V's brother-in-law. Argent five escutcheons in cross azure each charged with five plates in saltire all within a bordure gules semy of towers or.

Frederick II, Elector Palatine: Quarterly: 1 and 4, Sable a lion rampant or; 2 and 3, Lozengy bendwise argent and azure; overall an inescutcheon Gules an orb or.

If you would like to know more of the background and history of any of the individuals whose arms appear in these photographs, I recommend a quick search on Wikipedia, which may tell you more than you really wanted to know.

Thursday, March 18, 2021

Stall Plates of the XXIII Chapter of the Order of the Golden Fleece, 1559, Part 1


Having finished our review of the stall plates of the VII Chapter of the Order of the Golden Fleece held in St. Bavo's Cathedral, Ghent, Belgium, in 1445, we come now to those of the XXIII Chapter of the Order also held in the Cathedral in 1559.


On this set of shields, we have, from left to right (you can click on the image to see a larger, more detailed picture. Please feel free to do this with this or any of the other photographs here):

Lamoral d'Egmont, Prince de Gavre (1522-1568): Quarterly: 1 and 4, Per pale, Chevronny or and gules, and Argent two bars embattled counterembattled gules; 2 and 3, Per pale sable and or, two lions combatant counterchanged, overall an inescutcheon Quarterly: i and iv, Argent a lion rampant sable; ii and iii, Gules a mullet of eight points argent.

Joachim, Seigneur [lord] de Rye: Quarterly: 1 and 4, Azure an eagle displayed or; 2 and 3, Azure a bend or.

Juan Esteban Manrique de Lara, 3rd Duke of Najera (1504-1588): Quarterly: 1 and 4, Gules in pale two calderas gringolada barry countercompony or and gules and argent framed and handled countercompony or and gules, the snake heads or; 2 and 3, Quarterly i and iv, Gules a tower or, ii and iii, Argent a lion rampant sable crowned or, an inescutcheon Argent a lion rampant sable crowned or.

Emmanuel Philibert, Prince of Piedmont (later Duke of Savoy) (1528-1580); Quarterly: 1 and 4, Per pale, Gules a horse rampant contourny argent, and Barry sable and or a crancelin throughout vert, On a point pointed argent three crampets gules; 2, Argent billety a lion rampant sable; 3, Sable a lion rampant argent; overall an inescutcheon Gules a cross argent.  (Crampets, Fr. bouterolles, are the decorative metal pieces on the tip of a sword scabbard.)

Cosimo I de' Medici, Duke of Florence (later the first Grand Duke of Tuscany) (1519-1574): Or six torteaux one two two and one, the chiefmost azure three fleurs-de-lis or.

Iñigo Lopez de Mendoza, 4th Duke of l'Infantado (1503-1566): Per saltire: chief and base, Sable on a bend or a bendlet gules; dexter and sinister, Or, the words Ave Maria to dexter and Gratia Plena to sinister.


From left to right again, we have:

Iñigo Lopez de Mendoza, 4th Duke of l'Infantado (1503-1566) (repeated from the first photo, above)

Charles, 2nd Comte de Lalaing (1506-1558): Gules ten lozenges conjoined three three three and one argent.

Reinoud III van Brederode: Or a lion rampant gules overall a label of three tags azure.

Beltran II de la Cueva y Toledo, 3rd Duke of Albuquerque (1477-1560) (his name and titles in full in Spanish: Don Beltrán de la Cueva y Álvarez de Toledo, tercer duque de Alburquerque, tercer conde de Ledesma, tercer conde de Huelma, señor de los estados de Cuéllar, la Codesera, Mombeltrán y Pedro Bernardo. Yes, it's quite a mouthful. I'm grateful that I'm not the one who had to announce him into a royal court!): Or two pallets gules on a point pointed ployé sable a dragon [wyvern] statant or all within a bordure gules charged with alternating saltorels couped or and escutcheons of the arms of Mendoza (Per saltire: chief and base, Sable on a bend or a bendlet gules; dexter and sinister, Or, the words Ave Maria to dexter and Gratia Plena to sinister).

Pietro Antonio San Severino, Duke of San Marco: Argent a fess gules a bordure azure.


And for our final entry in this post, again, from left to right:

Maximilian, King of Bohemia, Archduke of Austria (later Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II) (1527-1576): Or a double-headed eagle displayed sable, on its breast an inescutcheon: Quarterly: 1, Barry argent and gules; 2, Gules a lion rampant argent; 3, Per pale, Gules a fess argent, and Or two bendlets azure within a bordure gules; and 4, Quarterly: i and iv, Gules a tower or; ii and iii, Argent a lion rampant (azure? sable? it's hard to tell here).

Christian II, King of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden (1481-1559): Quarterly: 1, Or semy of hearts gules three lions passant in pale azure; 2, Azure three crowns or; 3, Gules a lion rampant crowned holding an axe or bladed argent; 4, Azure a wyvern or; on a cross throughout gules a cross throughout argent; Overall an inescutcheon: Quarterly: i and iv, Or two lions passant in pale (azure?); ii, Azure three (I don't know) argent; iii, Azure a swan argent crowned and legged or; overall an inescutcheon Or two bars gules. (Whew! If you think I'm going to continue to blazon every shield this complex among these stall plates, you need to start paying me more!)

Philip of Austria, Prince of Asturias (Charles V's eldest son, at the time of this Chapter Philip II of Spain, and Grand Master of the Order from 1555) (1527-1598): In dexter chief: Spain (Castile and Leon); in sinister chief: Aragon and the Two Sicilies, and all across the base of the shield, Burgundy.

Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor (1500-1558): the same as Philip, above, only that shield placed on the breast of the imperial eagle (Or a double-headed eagle displayed sable).

I'm hoping for some less complex arms in the next installment of these stall plates!

Monday, March 15, 2021

Stall Plates of the VII Chapter of the Order of the Golden Fleece (1445), Part 3


Today we finish our look at the stall plates of the knights of the Order of the Golden Fleece at the Chapter held in St. Bavo's Cathedral in Ghent, Belgium, in 1445.

11.


Guilbert de Lannoy, Seigneur of Villerval and Tronchienes: Or three lions rampant sable (should be vertlangued and crowned a bordure engrailed gules overall a label of three tags azure [see also photographs numbers 4, Baudouin de Lannoy, and 6, Hue de Lannoy];

Jehan, Seigneur of Comines: Gules a chevron or between three escallops argent a bordure or;

David de Brimeu, Seigneur of Ligny: Quarterly: 1 and 4, Argent three eagles displayed gules beaked and membered sable; 2 and 3, Argent a bend gules [see also photos numbers 4, Florimond de Brimeu, and 10, Jacques de Brimeu];

(partial) Roland d'Uutkercke, Seigneur of Hemsrode and Herstrunt: Argent on a cross sable five escallops or. [See also photo number 12, below.]

12.


Roland d'Uutkercke, Seigneur of Hemsrode and Herstrunt: Argent on a cross sable five escallops or [also on photograph number 11, above];

Charles, Duke of Orleans and Valois: Azure three fleurs-de-lis or overall a label of three tags argent; and

(partially obscured) Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy [see photograph number 13, immediately below].

13.


Philip III (the Good), Duke of Burgundy, Lothier, Brabant, and Limbourg, Count of Flanders, Artois, and Palatine Burgundy (and more, hidden by the shelf; he was also the Grand Master of the Order of the Golden Fleece at the time of this Chapter): Quarterly: 1 and 4, Azure semy-de-lys or a bordure compony gules and argent; 2, Per pale, Bendy or and azure a bordure gules, and Sable a lion rampant or; 3, Bendy or and azure a bordure gules, and Argent a lion rampant gules crowned or; overall an inescutcheon Or a lion rampant sable langued gules.

14.


Alfonso V, King of Aragon and Naples: Or four pallets gules (Aragon).

This concludes our review of the stall plates of the VII Chapter of the Order of the Golden Fleece held in St. Bavo's Cathedral, Ghent, in 1445.

Next time, the stall plates from the XXIII Chapter of the Order, held here in 1559.

Thursday, March 11, 2021

Stall Plates of the VII Chapter of the Order of the Golden Fleece (1445), Part 2


Continuing our review of the stall plates of the Order of the Golden Fleece from its Chapter held in St. Bavo's Cathedral in Ghent in 1445, we see the following (continuing our numbering of the photos from the previous post, and going from left to right in each photo):

6.


Jehan, Seigneur of Roubaix and Herselles: Ermine a chief gules;

Antoine de Vergy, Count of Dammartin: Gules three cinquefoils or a bordure argent;

Hue de Lannoy, Seigneur of Santes: Or three lions rampant sable (should be vertlangued and crowned a bordure engrailed gules;

Jehan de la Trémoille and Jehan de Luxembourg appeared in photo number 5.

7.


André, Seigneur of Humières: Argent fretty sable;

Henry de Borsele, Seigneur of Vere, Count of Grandpre: Sable a fess argent;

Franck de Borsele, Count of Ostrevant: Quarterly: 1 and 4, Sable a fess argent; 2 and 3, Gules three zules [or columns] argent;

(partial) Jean II, Duke of Alençon, Count of Perche: Azure three fleurs-de-lis or a bordure gules bezanty (should be platy; that is, argent roundels instead of or on the bordure) [see also photograph number 8, below].

8.


(partial, see photo number 7, above) Jean II, Duke of Alençon, Count of Perche: Azure three fleurs-de-lis or a bordure gules bezanty (should be platy; that is, argent roundels instead of or on the bordure);

Jehan de Neufchâtel, Seigneur of Montagu: Gules a bend argent;

Jean bâtard of Luxembourg, Seigneur of Hautbourdin: Argent a lion rampant queue forchy gules debruised by a bendlet sable;

Baudot de Noyelles-Wion, Seigneur of Casteau: Gules three bars gemel argent overall a label of three points or.

9.


Frédéric, called Valeran, Count of Meurs: Quarterly: 1 and 4, Or a fess sable; 1 and 3, Sable a double-headed eagle displayed argent;

Jehan, Seigneur of Créqui and Canaples: Or a crequier (a stylized tree) gules;

Philippe, Seigneur of Ternant and LaMotte: Checky gules and or [see also photograph number 10].

10.


Philippe, Seigneur of Ternant and LaMotte: Checky gules and or [see also photo number 9];

Jacques de Brimeu, Seigneur of Grigny: Argent three eagles displayed gules beaked and membered sable, an escallop sable for difference [see also 4, Florimond de Brimeu, and 11, David de Brimeu];

Antoine de Croy, Count of Porcéan, Seigneur of Renty: Quarterly: 1 and 4, Argent three bars gules; 2 and 3, Argent three axes the two in chief addorsed gules) [see also photograph number 3, Jehan de Croy].

Next time, we finish this Chapter of the Order of the Golden Fleece.

Monday, March 8, 2021

Stall Plates of the VII Chapter of the Order of the Golden Fleece (1445), Part 1


On November 30, 1445, the VII Chapter of the Order of the Golden Fleece was held in St. Bavo’s Cathedral, Ghent. The Grand Master of the Order at that time was Philip III (the Good), Duke of Burgundy.

Still displayed in the Cathedral are the stall plates of the members of the Order. (Another Chapter of the Order of the Golden Fleece was held in the Cathedral in 1559, and those stall plates are displayed in the Cathedral as well. We will look at those after we see those from the 1445 Chapter.)

I will number the photographs in the order that I took them as we toured the Cathedral (which isn't necessarily the order in which they perhaps ought to be viewed). The number will be useful, as there are several instances where a coat of arms appears more than once, where two (or more) brothers, or a father and son(s) may have all been members of the Order at that time. Where this occurs, I refer to the number of the other photograph(s) with the duplicative arms to make it easier for you to cross-review and compare them.

And as there are a lot of pictures, I am breaking them up into three groups, to avoid visual overload.

Today, we look at the first of these groups of stall plates. The names, ranks, and blazons of the arms run from left to right in each photo. (As usual, you may click on any image to go to a larger version where you can see these plates in greater detail.)

As you will note, each stall plate contains the arms of the individual within the collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece, the helm and crest of that individual, and script naming the person and his landholdings.

1.


Mathieu de Foix-Comminges, Count of Comminges: Quarterly: 1 and 4, Argent a cross formy throughout; 2 and 3, Per pale, Or in pale two cows statant gules collared and belled argent, and Or three pallets gules;

Reinoud II van Brederode, Seigneur [Lord] of Brederod and Viane: Quarterly: 1 and 4, Or a lion rampant gules a label of three tags sable; 2 and 3, Argent a lion rampant queue forchy gules;

Jean IV, Seigneur of Auxy: Checky or and gules; and

A blank shield.

2.


Jehan de Vergy, Seigneur of Fouvans and Vignorry: Gules three cinquefoils or;

Charles of Burgundy, Count of Charolais: Quarterly: 1 and 4, Azure semy-de-lys or a bordure compony gules and argent; 2, Per pale, Bendy or and azure a bordure gules, and Sable a lion rampant or; 3, Bendy or and azure a bordure gules, and Argent a lion rampant gules crowned or; overall a label of three tags argent;

Ruprecht, Count of Virnebourg: Or seven mascles four and three [conjoined?] gules;

Jean VI, Duke de Bretagne [Duke of Brittany] and Count of Montfort Trepassé: Ermine.

3.


Pierre de Bauffremont, Count of Charny and Montford: Quarterly: 1 and 4, Vairy or and gules; 2 and 3, Gules three cinquefoils or; overall an inescutcheon Gules three escutcheons argent;

Jehan de Croy, Seigneur of Tour sur Marne: Quarterly: 1 and 4, Argent three bars gules; 2 and 3, Argent three axes the two in chief addorsed gules; overall an inescutcheon Quarterly, i and iv, Gules bezanty; ii and iii, Or a lion rampant sable [see also photo number 10, Antoine de Croy];

Simon de Lalaing, Seigneur of Santes: Gules ten lozenges conjoined three three three and one argent the first charged with a lion rampant gules.

4.


Jehan de Luxembourg, Count of Ligny: Argent a lion rampant queue forchy gules langued and crowned or overall a label of three tags azure;

Florimond de Brimeu, Seigneur of Massincourt: Argent three eagles displayed gules beaked and membered sable [see also photographs numbers 10, Jacques de Brimeu, and 11, David de Brimeu];

Baudouin de Lannoy, called le Bègue (the Stutterer), Seigneur of Molembaix: Argent three lions rampant sable (should be vertlangued and crowned or overall an inescutcheon Argent four bars azure;

Pierre de Bauffremont and Jehan de Croy appeared in photograph number 3.

5.


Jehan de la Trémoille, Seigneur of Jonvelle: Or a chevron gules between three eagles displayed sable;

Jehan de Luxembourg, Florimond de Brimeu, Baudouin de Lannoy, and Pierre de Bauffremont all appeared in photo number 4.

Next time, Part 2!