Thursday, October 19, 2017

A Final Heraldic Memorial in Dalmeny, Scotland


Our final heraldic stop at St. Cuthbert's Church in Dalmeny, Scotland, is the impressive memorial to Adam Alexander Duncan Dundas, 27th Chief of Dundas, Commander (retired) of the Royal Navy, 1822-1904, and his wife, Charlotte Maria, 1831-1905, daughter of Rear Admiral Charles Hope.


You can see why I felt it necessary to include his service in the Royal Navy and his wife's father in the description above, given the broken mast, broken chain, and anchor fouled with a broken rope which are the greater part of this stone memorial, all of which are clear and obvious allusions of naval service.

More information about the Dundas family in general, and Adam Dundas and his family in particular, including a portrait of him in his naval uniform, can be found on-line on the Dundas Family website at http://www.dundasfamily.co.uk/dundas%20of%20dundas_2.html

Of course, the part that most attracted my eye (well, after all the naval bits) was the achievement of arms at the base of the memorial.


Burke's General Armory (the stem arms do not appear in Sir James Balfour Paul's An Ordinary of Arms, though the arms of a number of cadet branches do appear there, mostly differenced with a bordure, either plain - e.g., gules, ermine, compony - or "bumpity" - e.g., engrailed) gives the following entry for Dundas, of Dundas, co. Linlithgow:

Argent a lion rampant gules. Crest - A lion's head full-faced [e.g., a leopard's face, or a lion's head cabossed] looking out of an oak bush proper. Supporters - Two lions gules, and below the shield, for a compartment, a salamander in flames of fire proper. Motto - Essayez ("Try").

The salamander "compartment" is easily seen even in the smaller image, but you really have to go to the larger image to see the surrounding flames. And I still cannot find the oak bush from which the leopard's face is supposed to be showing.

The scroll below the supporters and compartment is worn (well, it is over 100 years old, after all!), but says "Dundas of Dundas." (The second "Dundas" is very difficult to make out.)

Taken as a whole, it's a wonderful memorial to this couple and their Royal Navy connections.

Monday, October 16, 2017

Same Arms, Different Media


There are two displays of the same coat of arms at St. Cuthbert's Church in Dalmeny, Scotland.

The display in the interior of St. Cuthbert's is another work of embroidery, and bears the legend "Stewart of Craigiehall and Newhalls."


Burke's General Armory blazons the arms of Stewart of Craigiehall, co. Linlithgow (1672) Quarterly: 1 and 4, Or a fess checky azure and argent in chief three buckles azure; 2 and 3, Ermine on a fess sable three crescents argent (for Craigie).

Sir James Balfour Paul's An Ordinary of Arms blazons Stewart of Newhalls (1672-7) as: Quarterly: 1 and 4, Or a fess checky azure and argent in chief three buckles azure; 2 and 3, Ermine on a fess sable three crescents argent.

The display of these arms on outside the south door of the church adorn the tomb of several members of the family of "Stewart of Newhals": John Stewart of Newhals, d. 1670; Alexander Stewart of Newhals, d. 1684; John Stuart of Newhalls, d. 1730; and Archibald Stewart, d. 1792; in addition to their spouses.


The or field and azure checks of the fess are hatched, and of course ermine is easy to make out, but the remainder of the tinctures of the shield are not hatched. (Well, it's not really very easy - or clear - to hatch the buckles azure or the other fess sable in the space allotted here.)

The crest is blazoned in Fairbairn's Crests as The trunk of an old oak tree sprouting a branch on the dexter side fructed proper. The motto, Resurgam, means "I shall rise again." (One branch of my own family, the Winslows, has a similar crest, the stump of an oak tree sprouting new branches, but this one is more specific that it is only sprouting on the dexter side. The Winslow motto has a similar general meaning: Decoptus florio (or, deceiptae flores), meaning roughly "cut down, I shall flourish again." But I digress; I just found the similarities between the crest and motto of the Stewarts of Newhalls in Dalmeny and the Winslows in my own family interesting.)

Some might make an issue of the way the buckles are oriented in the Stewart quarters in these two depictions: to sinister in the embroidery; and to chief on the tomb outside. For myself, I think the direction of the buckles (or more specifically, the tongues the buckles) is something that makes no real difference and can probably be ascribed to the preferences of the artists involved. Just my two cents' worth. If you know of some case in heraldry where the direction of the buckles is clearly considered to be a difference, I'd love to learn about it.

I will note that Sir John Brooke-Little in his An Heraldic Alphabet says that "In blazon it is safest to detail the type of buckle, the way it lies on the shield (if not upright) and the position of the tongue," but he gives no rationale for this statement. I can see blazoning the type of buckle if that is important to the owner of the arms, but I'm not so sanguine about the rest. Still, I remain a student of heraldry, and can certainly be swayed in my opinion about this by evidence that it is a more important detail than I currently believe.

Thursday, October 12, 2017

Embroidered Arms


I didn't discuss this piece of heraldic embroidery when I first discussed the heraldry of the organ loft in St. Cuthbert's Church in Dalmeny, Scotland, on September 25, 2017 (http://blog.appletonstudios.com/2017/09/family-heraldry-in-small-scottish-church.html), since I was concentrating on the displays of the arms of the Earl of Rosebery then.

But any display of heraldry is worth looking at on its own, and so today we come back to the other coat of arms on the organ loft, that of Moubray.


Burke's General Armory gives two branches of the Moubray family bearing these arms, one in Barnbougle, county Edinburgh, and one in Cockairny, county Fife. The blazon is Gules a lion rampant argent ducally crowned or. The crests of the two branches, neither of which appears in this embroidery, are A demi-lion gules and A demi-lion argent, respectively.

It's a beautiful piece of embroidery, with well-done outlining and shading throughout, and a worthy remembrance of the Moubray family here in St. Cuthbert's.

Monday, October 9, 2017

An Heraldic Stray in Scotland?


Continuing our tour of St. Cuthbert's Church in Dalmeny, Scotland, we ran across this 1985 grant of arms from Lord Lyon King of Arms Malcolm Innes of Edingight.


It's a grant of municipal arms to the Town of Dalmeny, blazoned as Per fess vert and azure on a fess between two primroses or and a thistle argent a cross anchory between two garbs or. The crest is A lion's jambe gules maintaining a prairie lily slipped and leaved proper. (The blazons give here are my own, and not Lord Lyon's, and follows the more modern convention of repeating tinctures where needed in the blazon, rather than using the sometimes confusing "of the last" and "of the first.")

It was when I was reading more carefully through the text of the grant that it struck me that this was not a grant to the town of Dalmeny, Scotland, where we were visiting St. Cuthbert's Church, but the town of Dalmeny, Saskatchewan, Canada! Apparently I had completely overlooked the little plaque below the shield stating quite clearly:

Presented To
Dalmeny, Scotland
by
Dalmeny, Saskatchewan, Canada

So, not an "heraldic stray," exactly, but a gift from the grantee to its namesake town in Scotland.

And just how cool is that?

Thursday, October 5, 2017

Stained Glass Heraldry (Updated with New Information)


There are three beautiful stained glass windows in St. Cuthbert's Church in Dalmeny, Scotland.




These windows - of the Madonna and Holy Child, St. Theresa, and St. Margaret - were commissioned in memory of his mother by a Polish officer (who wished to remain anonymous) of the 10th Polish Mechanised Brigade which formed in Douglas during WWII. The windows were created by Miss Lalia Dickson, who exhibited at the Royal Scottish Academy sporadically between 1936 and 1957.

The central window of the Madonna and Infant Christ displays the coat of arms of Poland (though the eagle here, while usually crowned or, is crowned argent here).


The south window, of St. Margaret, has a shield which is probably meant to symbolize Edinburgh, though it is not Edinburgh's coat of arms. Here, the shield would be blazoned Azure a triple-towered castle argent.


The north window, with St. Theresa (probably St. Theresa of Lisieux given the presence of the flowers), displays an as-yet unidentified coat of arms.


The arms of Krakow, Poland have been mentioned as a possibility, but a quick comparison of the arms here with those of Krakow (immediately below) are very much greater than the differences between the arms in the south window and those of Edinburgh.


I do not believe that Krakow is a likely candidate, but I do not have a better suggestion to make at this time. It is very difficult to make out what the lion is holding in its paw, though a ring of keys is certainly a strong possibility.

In any event, these three windows are a beautiful (and heraldic) tribute to a man's mother.

UPDATE: I ran across this depiction of the arms of the Polish herb Zaremba done by Tania Crossingham. There is an obvious similarity to the arms in the window here, though there are some clear differences, too (the lack of the gems in base, and the lions here appear to be holding something in their paws).



Monday, October 2, 2017

Primrose, Maybe?


A minor heraldic mystery at St. Cuthbert's Church in Dalmeny, Scotland, is the coat of arms carved into one of the corbels there.


The arms are clearly (and nicely!) carved as Two chevronels between three roses.


Unfortunately, no attribution has been found for these arms. Ian Shepherd, who wrote an article in Tak Tent No. 72 (the quarterly newsletter of the Heraldry Society of Scotland) about our visit to St. Cuthbert's Church in Dalmeny, notes the citation in Burke for Primrose, Azure a chevron or between three primroses slipped proper, and posits that these are "Primrose Arms of some type."

A quick look at the Dictionary of British Arms shows that the greatest number of "two chevrons between three roses" have been used by Wickham/Wykeham, Argent two chevronels sable between three roses gules. There was also a Russel/Roscel which bore arms in this pattern. Azure two chevronels or between three roses argent.

So - Primrose, Wickham, Russel, or someone completely different? It's a mystery that might never be satisfactorily solved. And yet, it's lovely little display of heraldry!

Thursday, September 28, 2017

A Primrose-Cressy Achievement on St. Cuthbert's Church, Dalmeny


Clearly related to the displays of Lord Rosebery's arms inside St. Cuthbert's Church in Dalmeny, is a carved stone memorial set into the side of the church's exterior:


Looking more closely, the memorial is done in the form of a hatchment, and contains the arms of Cressy (the second and third quarters of the Rosebery arms), which are blazoned in Burke's General Armory as: Argent a lion rampant double-queued sable armed and langued gules. On the scroll below the shield I can mostly make out the first two words of the Rosebery motto, Fide et, though the remainder (which should be fiduciâ) has been much worn away, leaving us with the letters duc alone remaining legible.

The Cressy arms came into the Primrose family when Archibald, 1st Earl of Rosebery, married (in 1691) Dorothea, only child of Everingham Cressy, of Birkin, Yorkshire.


The two crests, one atop the helmet within the hatchment and the other on the pediment above the hatchment, are both the Primrose crest, A demi-lion gules holding in the dexter paw a primrose or (though the forepaw on the demi-lion on the pediment is extremely anemic).

It is definitely not the Cressy crest, which is variously given as Out of a ducal coronet or a demi-peacock proper or Out of a ducal coronet or a demi-eagle proper.



See what I mean about anemic?

The Primrose crest also appears on a corbel stone on display at the church, as well as an earl's coronet.



What a beautifully carved crest and coronet!