Monday, December 6, 2021

And Then, Sometimes ...


So, having explained last time about how I can't always identify the arms I see and photograph during my travels, today I'm going to share an example of (mostly) the opposite. (Of course, it helped that the display of arms was labeled as to the names of the husband and wife!)

Over an archway in Roskilde Cathedral was painted this display of four coats of arms, in two pairs accolée (tilted in toward each other):


The names inscribed below the arms are Erick Valkendorff and his wife, Berette Andersdaatter (no surname, but the biographical information found, and given below, makes her Berete Andersdatter Lindenov).


The arms (and you can click on the image above to see a larger, more detailed photograph of them), from left to right, are those of: Valkendorf, Argent a rose gules between three wings [in annulo one and two? in triangle inverted?] sable; (possibly) Friis, Argent three squirrels sejant erect sable cracking nuts proper; Lindenov (canting arms), Per pale: Gules a linden tree palewise issuant from the line of division or; and Barry of four gules and argent; and [Unidentified], Argent three roses sable.

My surmise is that these four coats of arms are: Erick (from his father Henning Valkendorf), Erick’s mother, Berete’s father, and Berete’s mother.

Erik Valkendorf (ca. 1523–1605) was a Danish nobleman. He was the son of Councilor Henning Valkendorf to Glorup (d. 1535). In the years 1549 and 1559 he is mentioned as a courtier, and from 1553 he was a chamberlain to King Christian III and as such present at his deathbed at Koldinghus. In 1553 he got Hardanger and Halsnø monastery and in 1555 Højstrup a mortgage on the crown. He lived in Højstrup, and kept the mortgage unredeemed for the rest of his life. His wife Berete Andersdatter Lindenov died in 1568 at Højstrup in childbirth.

And how great a display of family heraldry is all that?

Thursday, December 2, 2021

No, I Actually _Can't_ Identify Them All


Yeah, I know, I post of lot of pictures of heraldry on this blog, and I try to identify them when I do. In spite of what appears to be a lot of success at doing so, there are actually a lot of coats of arms that I cannot, for whatever reason, identify.

Sometimes this is because the arms are simply too worn to make out clearly. Other times, it is because the arms do not appear in one or another of my sometimes limited sources. (For example, besides the Order Books for the Order of the Elephant and Order of the Dannebrog, which can be found on-line, I really have only one decent source for identifying Danish coats of arms: Sven Tito Achen's Danske adelsvåbener en heraldisk nøgle. It's a nice source to have, and I'm grateful to have a copy in my heraldic library, but, as I have discovered through using it lately, it is somewhat limited in the arms it helps me to identify.)

Anyway, I thought today that I would share a few coats of arms found on the floor of Roskilde Cathedral, only one of which I think I have identified.*

We'll start with this well-worn memorial:


Many of the words can still be made out on the inscription, though not enough for me to identify the knight ("ridder") being memorialized. And, of course, it's easy enough to tell he was a knight, since his effigy is shown in full armor with his left arm crooked about a jousting lance and his right hand holding a sword.

Many of the shields down each side of the memorial are very worn, but one of them jumped out at me.


These are recognizable since we have seen them before, in our tour of Frederiksborg Castle earlier. They are the arms of Biller or Bille, Barry of four gules and argent per pale counterchanged.

For our next one, we have this very worn memorial. (Well, you know, a few centuries of people walking over them does wear the stone down a bit!)


Here's a closer view of the two shields at the top, from a different angle, so the background looks more black than red.


The shields are accolée, or "embracing"; that is, turned tilted inward toward each other. The shield on the left has a bend (displayed by itself, what is shown would be a bend sinister, but it is turned toward the other shield, so it's a bend dexter), and the one on the right has a lion rampant, with the tail forked (queue forchy) near its tip. Well, bends and lions rampant are pretty popular in heraldry all over Europe, so there are any number of families who could be candidates for identifying this grave marker.

But the Latin inscription on the memorial, which could give us some additional identifying information, is too worn to be deciphered, as you can see here.


For our next memorials, we have two individuals, related either by blood or marriage, but who on their arms managed to the the sun, the moon, and the stars.

Here is the woman's slab:


And this the coat of arms above her head:


Here is the man's slab:


And at his shoulders, these two coats of arms:



Above his right shoulder is the sun, moon, and stars coat of arms that appears on the woman's memorial, and above his left shoulder is a device like those found in Polish runic and German hausmarken heraldry.

Alas, despite the fairly unique arrangement of astronomical charges on these arms, I have been entirely unable (so far) to identify the family, much less the specific bearers, of these shields.

So there you have it! Sure, I can often link a coat of arms to a family, and sometimes even to specific members of a family. But not always. And that's sometimes just the way it is in this wonderful, colorful art that we call heraldry.



* "Why are these memorials in the floor of the cathedral?", you may ask. Though it is rare in the United States, where I live, except for a few early Colonial Period instances, in Europe it is not at all uncommon to find such memorials, where the person memorialized may be buried in the crypt underneath the church or, just as, or even more, often, directly under the floor of the church. To steal a line from American television's The Daily Show: "If you didn't know, now you know."

Monday, November 29, 2021

Armorial Memorial to a Daughter and Wife


There are almost always some issues with traveling to foreign climes and taking lots of pictures of heraldry and then coming home and trying to identify to whom the arms belong. This is, at least in part, because the people who write the guidebooks are aiming at the "typical tourist" audience, and often glide over, or even leave out completely, some of the memorials, etc., that I am particularly interested in. (Admittedly, it's not as tough on me in Roskilde - where photography was allowed - as it was in St. Paul's Cathedral in London, where photography is not allowed in the crypt, and none of the guidebooks I could find had a photograph of Admiral Jellicoe's tomb there with his arms carved into its top.)

And, too, many memorial inscriptions are in Latin, which I don't read, and worse, contain abbreviations, which I also can't read.

Nonetheless, I take the pictures and I do the research when I get home, and frequently (not always, but often) I can determine who the memorial is intended to remember, and learn at least a little about his, or in this case, her, life.


This armorial memorial, complete with angels, putti, and a portrait, as well a a lot of religious symbolism, is that of Susanna Madsdatter Medelfar, the daughter of Mads Jensen Middelfar and Inger Jakobsdatter Leth, and who was the young wife of Ole Willumsen Worm.

The large central oval gives us a lot of information, in Latin, with abbreviations, about her, more about her father, and some about her husband.


The lower oval gives us some more information about her, including the fact that she was only 24 in 1637 when she died, and had been married for seven years.


And way down at the bottom we find the heraldry which was the real attraction for me:


On the left we have the arms of Ole Worm (Per pale: Argent a tree proper issuant from a terrace vert; and Or semy of lozenges azure a lion rampant gules) and those of Susanna, or more properly those of her father, Mads Middelfar (Azure a heart gules issuant from a crown of thorns (or a bramble bush) sable issuing two branches of lilies argent slipped and leaved proper - as best as I can make out). Each shield has the initials of Ole and of Susanna carved into it in chief. (Again, you can click on the image to see a larger, more detailed photograph which shows the initials, and the arms, more clearly.)

Thursday, November 25, 2021

It's Been 400 Years!


Today, Thursday, November 25, 2021, is Thanksgiving Day here in the United States.

And it was exactly 400 years ago (well, they probably celebrated it sometime in October, rather than in November) that the surviving (just half; about 52) members of those who sailed to New England the previous year on the Mayflower held a celebratory feast, in company with some of their Native American friends and allies, to give thanks for the recent harvest.

Now, this is not the first such thanksgiving held in then-British North America. That milestone belongs to the colony in Jamestown, Virginia, whose colonists enjoyed a Thanksgiving service after English supply ships arrived with food in the spring of 1610.

But the thanksgiving held in Plymouth Colony in the fall of 1621 has taken hold in the popular imagination as the foundation on which the modern Thanksgiving Day holiday is based.

Why do I care? Well, three of my ancestors were at that thanksgiving celebration in 1621: my 10th great grandmother Mary Chilton (who as a teenager had lost both her parents in the first hard winter); another 10th great grandmother, Constance Hopkins; and her father, my 11th great grandfather, Stephen Hopkins. (His first wife, Mary, had died in England in 1613.) So I feel a personal connection to the events of 1620 and 1621 in what is now Plymouth, Massachusetts.

"But what does this have to do with heraldry?", you may ask.

I used to make the joke that it was a shame that none of my ancestors ever took an interest in one their descendant's (me) interest, and used a coat of arms. I had to stop saying that after a visit several years ago to King's Chapel Burying Ground in Boston, Massachusetts, to visit the grave of my 10th great grandmother, Mary Chilton, and her husband, John Winslow (the younger brother of Mayflower passenger Edward Winslow).


On one side of their table tomb (above) I found this heraldic plaque, displaying the Winslow arms:


It is fairly commonly believed that several Mayflower passengers used, or at least had the right to use, coats of arms. These are, as found in Crozier's General Armory: Edward Winslow (my 10th great grandfather's older brother); Myles Standish; John Alden; William Bradford; William Brewster; and Richard Warren.

In fact, though, there is contemporary evidence for the use of heraldry by only one of those men: Edward Winslow, Assistant Governor, three times Governor, and also Plymouth Colony's agent in London. He is known to have used a seal with these arms on it.

We are also confident that his son, Josiah Winslow, the 14th Governor of Plymouth Colony, used these arms.

That being the case, there is presumably no reason why my direct ancestor John Winslow would not have had the right to bear these arms as well, whether or not he actually used them. (Certainly, the plaque on the Winslow tomb in King's Chapel Burying Ground, and a similar plaque on the Josiah Winslow tomb in Marshfield, Massachusetts, below, are likely of a later date, and not contemporary with the individuals commemorated there. They are thus secondary or even tertiary evidence for the use of these arms by those men.)


And there you have it: a personal connection to a national holiday, with an heraldic connection, as well. And isn't that a lot to be thankful for!


(Painting of the Winslow arms by Ruth Major)

Monday, November 22, 2021

Roskilde Cathedral: Some Background, and Some Non-Royal Burials


I realized as I sat down to write this post, that I hadn't mentioned any background information about the Cathedral in Roskilde, Denmark.

In brief: the Roskilde Cathedral was built in the 12th-century. It has twin towers and is the first Gothic church ever built with brick. It is the oldest Gothic building in Denmark but also contains some earlier Romanesque parts. It is was built just after bricks began to be made in Denmark and contains about 3 million bricks. It is the final resting place of 38 kings and queens of Denmark.

It is also the resting place of a number of non-royals, as well, and I thought that we might start with some of them, before moving on to the heraldry of some of the kings and queens buried there.


This is the armorial memorial to Danish landowner Otto Krabbe af Østergaard, til Holmegård and Eegholm (1641-1719), Secret Councilor and Chamberlain.

At the top of the monument, you can see his arms, surrounded by the collar of the Order of the Elephant, into which Order he was inducted in 1709. (You can click on the image below to go to a larger, more detailed photograph.)


 His arms are blazoned: Gules a fess argent.

Our next armorial "memorial" takes the form of a swallow-tailed banner:


This banner memorializes Ove Gjedde (1594-1660), Admiral of the Realm (Rigsadmiral) When he died he was buried in the crypt of the Cathedral.


On the banner we find the canting arms of Gedde or Gjedde, Azure a pike bendwise proper. (Gedde is pike in Danish.)

Thursday, November 18, 2021

Now _This_ Is an Armorial Memorial Board


Further into the Cathedral in Roskilde, Denmark, we came across this very large, detailed, carved and painted armorial memorial, dated 1666.

Rather than switch out my camera's lens to get the whole thing in one photograph, I took two; one of the height:


I think I've fallen in love with the skull and crossbones carved at the bottom; I don't recall many (or even any) instances of the crossed femurs being held in the skull's mouth, and the eyes are so deeply carved that, along with the way the upper part of the skull is carved, it looks like it is wearing dark sunglasses. Is it the epitome of "cool"? Well,, maybe. Anyway, I find it fascinating.

And the other of the width:


There are sixteen families memorialized here with their coats of arms and crests, carved in deep relief and painted. Going from left to right and from top to bottom by row, we see the arms of the following families:


Krage and Høg/Hoegh (both of whom we saw in our last post, as the first and third quarters of the first shield we looked at, along with Rosenkrantz and Gyldenstjerne in the second and fourth quarters);


Juling/Juel and Wlstand (or should it be Wlstan?);


Stampe, Biller (which we have seen before in Frederiksborg Castle), and Lunge;


Lange, Kall, and Krompen/Krumpen;


Flemming, Podebusk/Putbus, and Stifeld;


and finally, Wlstand (again), Fris/Friis (this family also makes up the second and third of the four quarters of Rosenkrantz), and Rosenkrantz.

(I swear, I'm starting to think that "Rosenkrantz" in Denmark is like "Smith" or "Jones" in America. We keep seeing the name over and over again!)

What a great memorial, a real tribute to the woodcarver's art, as well as to the sixteen family names here.

Monday, November 15, 2021

Nice (Heraldic) Ironwork!


Inside Roskilde Cathedral in Denmark, long before you can get to the primary attractions there - the sarcophagi of the Danish Kings and Queens - you walk past some wonderfully wrought iron screens.

And let me add, some wonderfully wrought armorial iron screens.

The first one, dated 1664, has as its focus this quarterly coat of arms. (And you may recognize at least two of those quarters, since we've seen those arms before.) (As always, you can click on an image to see a larger photograph which shows more detail.)


The arms are Quarterly: 1, Krage; 2, Rosenkrantz; 3, Høg/Hoegh; 4, Gyldenstjerne

(You recognized the second and fourth quarters from the many (many!) examples that we've seen already in Frederiksborg Castle, right?)

Moving along, we come to this screen, dated 1656:


Here in the center, thought not on a shield, we have the canting arms of Trolle (if you go to the larger image, you can more clearly see the troll's head/face superimposed on his stomach), supported by two lions rampant guardant.

To the left and the right, respectively, of Trolle, we find the arms of:

Rud (nice, simple arms, consisting of a field and lozenge),


and once again, Rosenkrantz.


As I said, some wonderfully wrought armorial iron screens!

Thursday, November 11, 2021

Moving On From Frederiksborg Castle


So, having finished up our review of the plethora of heraldry to be found in Frederiksborg Castle in Denmark, we are going to move on to the town and cathedral of Roskilde. (Wikipedia informs us that: "The [Lutheran Church of Denmark] cathedral is the most important church in Denmark, the official royal burial church of the Danish monarchs, and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.") So, just from that description alone, you know there's going to be a lot of Royal Danish heraldry to be found.

But first, we have a number of depictions of the arms of the community of Roskilde, all found in the short walk from the train station to the Cathedral.

Roskilde's arms, a white shield with a black eagle with yellow kleestengeln (stylized wing bones ending in a trefoil shape) and on a base of  blue water surrounded by a red wall, three red roses. The arms are based on the oldest seal of the city, which is known from 1286. The seal shows a bird over a stream or water, surrounded by a wall. The stream is canting, kilde meaning well or spring. The roses first appear in 1384.

We found the arms of Roskilde on the façade of the large municipal building:





On directional and informational signs:




And even on a compressor dispensing air for car tires:



I have to admit, I really love it when a city uses its coat of arms, even on such everyday items as manhole covers, waste bins, or even air compressors.

Monday, November 8, 2021

Updates!


In addition to these regular (and sometimes irregular) posts, I will periodically find something or add to something I've created, and will add it to one or another of the sections in the left-hand column of this blog.

And sometimes after I've done that, I'll try to remember to tell you about it, so you can go look and see for yourself.

So, what's been added recently?

Links to several videos related to heraldry, most especially, links to a couple of recent lectures sponsored by The American Heraldry Society and uploaded to YouTube. (In the interest of full disclosure, I am a member of The American Heraldry Society, though I have no connection to the videos posted by it.)

Another blog I recently came across containing posts of heraldic interest, written by Robin Stanley Taylor. (To see it, you may need to click on the "Show All" link there; my host, Blogger, has apparently changed how many items the list will show by default, leaving me the options of displaying "5" or "10" links only.)

A recently-updated version of my American Heraldry Collection, notably including a couple of recent honorary grants of arms by the College of Arms in London to Americans, as reported in their quarterly Newsletter.

 I think that's all the recent updates to the blog. (Hey, I'm gettin' old, and don't always remember stuff like I used to.) But, of course, you don't have to wait for me to tell you about them; you can look for yourself at any time you like.

Enjoy!

Thursday, November 4, 2021

It's Good to Be ... a Rosenkrantz


Well, admittedly, it may not be so good to be a Rosencrantz in a Shakespeare play, since not only do you die in the end, you don't even get to die on-stage. Someone walks onto the stage and announces your (and your pal Guildenstern's) deaths.

Still, though, in other instances it can be fine to be a Rosenkrantz. In this specific instance, on display in Frederiksborg Castle in Denmark are four large round carved and painted wooden plaques, all dated to 1535, displaying several Biblical scenes.

But, of course, they also display heraldry! Notably, the arms of the Rosenkrantz family (which we have seen a number of times before in the castle) as well as the arms of several families who married into the Rosenkrantzes.

Here are the four roundels, going from left to right and top to bottom. (They are clearly not in the same order as the Bible scenes they represent, as number 1 has the resurrection of Christ, while number 4 has His crucifixion.)





And now let's look at the heraldry displayed on them.

First is the arms of Rosenkrantz with the arms, I believe, of Tot or Thott/vonThott, generally given as Quarterly gules and or (or sometimes, Quarterly or and gules).


Next, we have the arms of Rosenkrantz and another shield which I have been unable to identify. It's an unusual coat of arms, appearing to be Or a headless legless eagle displayed bendwise sinister sable.


The next roundel has the arms of Rosenkrantz alone.


And finally, in the fourth roundel, we find the arms of both Rosenkrantz and Gyldenstjerne! (Or as Shakespeare would spell the names, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern.)


Gosh, all of these Hamlet references make me want to go off somewhere else in Denmark. What do you think? Should we take a look at Kronborg Castle in Helsingør (Shakespeare's "Elsinore", where The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark is set? Come back next time to see if I fall for that especial temptation!