Monday, July 27, 2015

Movie Clip of the College of Arms


As some of you may have seen already - a couple of people have posted a link on Facebook, and the most recent College of Arms newsletter also included a link -- British Movietone has posted on YouTube a six-minute clip (I didn't see a date given, but it looks like sometime in the early 1930s) entitled "The First Film Ever Taken In . . . . . . . . 'The College Of Arms.'"


With a brief introduction by A.G.B. Russell, then Lancaster Herald, the film shows (alas! just in black and white) some of the holdings of the College of Arms.  Among the ones that I recognized were:

A long scroll showing the funeral procession of a noble.  [Update: This is more likely the College's copy of the Great Tournament Roll of Westminster, a record made of the tournament Henry VIII held in honor of the birth of his son Arthur by his Queen, Catherine of Aragon.  It was the quick view of a riderless horse in the scroll that led me to believe this was a funeral procession, but I am told that there are also a few riderless horses in the Great Tournament Roll.]

An ordinary of arms with the impaled arms of King Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

An edition (the 1622 edition, I believe, but I can't be sure of that) of Ralph Brooke's A Catalogue and Succession of the Kings, Princes, Dukes, Marqauesses, Earles, and Viscounts of this Realme of England, since the Norman Conquest, to this present yeere

The College's copy of the original of The Armorial of Haiti, republished  by the College in 2007)

A large (vellum, I assume) pedigree of Admiral Horatio Nelson (signed by Lord Nelson himself)

At just over six minutes, it's a short clip, but of interest to heralds and heraldry enthusiasts alike.

It can be found on-line at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zbJgqHFTR5U

Enjoy!

Thursday, July 23, 2015

A Scottish Call to Arms


There are some sports enthusiasts in Scotland who seem to think that the Lord Lyon King of Arms shouldn't have any authority over the emblems used by Scottish football (what we Americans call "soccer") clubs.


The article, "Call to arms over threat to Scottish club badges" by Colin Telford, gives some background into the controversy, which began with a letter from the Lyon Court's Procurator Fiscal to the Airdrieonians Football Club (above)about their use of an "heraldic device" as their badge, and gives a short list of some of the limitations that Lyon imposes on such badges.

However, rather than learning more about the laws of heraldry and the jurisdiction of the Lyon Court and then trying to see how these sports clubs can work within that framework, he ends up by calling for a petition to remove corporate bodies and community groups (say, for example, football clubs) from the bailiwick of the Lord Lyon and have these entities register their insignia as trademarks instead.

And then there's the Comments section.  While there are some supporters of the Lyon Court in there by folks with a greater understanding of both heraldry and the history of the heralds in Scotland, many of the comments are more like this one:


Time for the Lord Lyon, a hangover from the mediaeval era, to shuffle off into the twilight of history. What's more important, that sports clubs be allowed to operate freely, for the benefit of their communities, or that a few old crusties should pretend they still have a role in the modern world? I'm not so young myself but these people need to get out of contemporary Scotland.

("Old crusties"?  How dare he talk about my friends Elizabeth and Mark and the other heralds at the Lyon Court that way?  Harrumph!)

All in all it's an interesting article, and one worth reading whichever side of the controversy you favor.  If you'd like to read it in its entirety, it can be found on the website of The Scotsman at http://www.scotsman.com/sport/football/latest/call-to-arms-over-threat-to-scottish-club-badges-1-3746851

Monday, July 20, 2015

More Poking Fun at Flags


Last June 26, I posted about an article that poked fun, or in some cases, tried to but didn't quite make it, at US state flags.  Now I've run across another article, this one poking fun at British county flags, entitled "Is your county flag one of the 20 most bonkers in the UK?"

I'm going to give you just a couple of examples from the article, but before you start in on me, yes, I know that the author either: (1) has very little knowledge of heraldic meanings; or (2) simply decided to ignore that knowledge to go ahead and poke some fun at these flags.

So with that caveat, I give you the flag of Cheshire, with the author's comment:


Cheshire: fighting off ferocious hay bales since 980 AD.  That or they've got a woeful grasp of appropriate agricultural instruments.

And Surrey:


If you're looking for a psychedelic board to play draughts on, Surrey's flag is for you.

Yes, I know that this is simply the arms of de Warrenne, Checky or and azure.

My favorite comment of them all though, is the one about the flag of the County of Norfolk:


Norfolk had a lovely banner of gold and black with a white bar.  Until some bloody bird walked over the white paint!

Yes, it's really not a "bar" but a bend, and it's really not bird prints but ermine.  Still, you have to admit, it really does look a bit like bird tracks.

And I laughed out loud at what the author said about the flag of Merionethshire, given as the "most bonkers county flag in Britain!"  But now that I've seen the comment, I'll never see the flag in quite the same way ever again.

I found the entire article a bit amusing, and thought I would share.  You can find the whole thing (including Merionethshire, and a bunch more) on the website of the Irish Examiner at http://www.irishexaminer.com/examviral/real-life/is-your-county-flag-one-of-the-20-most-bonkers-in-the-uk-341227.html

Enjoy!


Thursday, July 16, 2015

A Computer Program of Interest


I periodically see a request made on one heraldic newsgroup/bulletin board/Facebook page/etc. where someone is asking about whether there is any software anywhere that would allow a person to type in a blazon and the program would create a picture of the coat of arms.

There have been a (very) few programs that have done so in the past (Blazons! is one early one which comes to mind), but they all have been very limited in what they would allow you do with them, in some cases simply inserting a question mark when the program didn't understand the heraldic term or did not have a particular charge in its database, or simply giving an error message for that part of the blazon.  Indeed, I wrote about one such on-line program in my post of January 12, 2012 (http://blog.appletonstudios.com/2012/01/on-line-heraldry-drawing-program.html).

Be that as it may, there's a new downloadable program (the website calls it an App, but since it is written for Windows 8.1, I think it's really better termed a program, but what do I know?) out there that attempts to fill this niche, name "Heraldry."


Created by Tomas Brattström and published by Miralon, the graphics (from the picture above, taken from the website where the application can be downloaded) appear to be pretty decent.

There is also an image with thumbnails of different screens which, if you click on the individual images, give you a larger picture with some of the different things that can be done with charges, including size, color, placement, and orientation.  So it does seem to be a bit more robust than similar programs in the past.


Alas, I do not have Windows 8.1 on any of the computers to which I have access, so I won't be downloading this program myself to see what it can really do (and where it may fall short).  However, if you have a machine running Windows 8.1 and are interested in a program like this, by all means click on over to the Microsoft Apps website and check it out for yourself.  "Heraldry" can be found on-line at http://apps.microsoft.com/windows/en-us/app/heraldry/f40cb453-d006-477b-a373-45c1892eca65

Monday, July 13, 2015

I Expect Better


No, really, I do!  When I see the production of a play put on by the Royal Shakespeare Company, I expect them to get the heraldry right.  All of the heraldry.

In watching the DVD of the 2013 RSC production of Richard II starring David Tennant, some of the heraldry just looked a bit "off" to me. Surprisingly, when I hit the heraldry books and did some research, some of it was correct, and I was the one who was wrong.

For example, the coat of arms worn by Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk, in the play were not the Mowbray arms of Gules a lion rampant argent.  Which are the arms Mowbray bore as Earl Marshall (quartered by England with a label).  But as Duke of Norfolk, he bore Per pale, the arms of St. Edward the Confessor and England with a label argent.


So Round One to the RSC.  However, ...

The arms shown for Richard II were simply Quarterly France ancient and England.  Which at the time of the play, late in Richard's reign, were not the arms he was using.  Those were the arms of his grandfather, Edward III.


The arms that Richard was using at this point in his reign were these; the arms of St. Edward the Confessor marshaled with the then Royal Arms of England.


You can easily see the difference.

And the arms worn by Henry Bolingbroke, Duke of Hereford and Derby, son of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, were shown in the play as Quarterly France modern [with only three fleurs-de-lys] and England; in other words, the arms he adopted as King Henry IV.  But not the arms he used at the time:


Or the ones he bore later, after his father died, and he became Duke of Hereford and Lancaster:


It's great when a production gets the heraldry right, as this one did in several instances.  I especially liked the projection of the White Hart badge of Richard II on the backdrop of the stage for one scene.

But really, if they can get some of it right, can't they also get the rest of it correct, too?


Thursday, July 9, 2015

Heraldic Serendipity


It's always a bit amazing to me, that it's possible to go cruising about the internet, not looking for anything particular, reading an article or post here and there, and BAM!  Stumble across some heraldry you've not seen before.

In this specific instance, it was a brief post on Facebook, which included the "crest" of the Seattle, Oregon Police Department.



The design intrigued me (not necessarily in a good way; it follows a far, far too common pattern for civic arms here in the United States, of having four quarters, each with a different charge or charges in each quarter).   Here, we've got all sorts of symbols that pretty much scream "Seattle!" There are salmon in the first quarter; a commercial airliner in the second, presumably made by the Boeing Corporation, headquartered in the area; the Seattle Space Needle in the third, a relic of the 1962 World's Fair held there; and a tree (presumably a giant redwood, but I could be mistaken about that) in the fourth.  But as I say, I was intrigued, and thought I'd see what else I might find related to it.

And wouldn't you know?  There was more out there.



The two above, for example, are pretty clearly an older design, though it's hard to make out all of the charges in the quarters at this size.  (Some, at least, are probably salmon again.)  And it doesn't help that some of the charges are metal on metal (argent with or charges), very low contrast, which tends to "muddy" the outlines.  But that's why heraldry has the Rule of Contrast.  It's all about identification, people!

Not everything I found was the same or similar, mind you.  I mean, the City of Seattle uses an entirely different, non-heraldic design.


Seattle University, too, though adopting the quartered coat with different stuff in each quarter (Oh, look!  There's Mount Rainier seen through some pine trees!), uses an entirely different arrangement of colors and charges on their shield.


And finally, I did run across one variant of the Seattle Police arms, presumably not actually used by them, which makes note of the fact that Washington is one of the few states in the union which has legalized the purchase and use of recreational marijuana ...,


Hence the green marijuana leaves in the second and third quarters (albeit now color on color.  Not the worst heraldic color combination, but still ... it's about identification, people!).

Anyway, it was an interesting search to go on, all begun by stumbling across a picture in a short post on Facebook.

Monday, July 6, 2015

Some Heraldry for an Anniversary


The July 4 date just passed got me to thinking about the foundational document of the United States of America, the Declaration of Independence, issued 239 years ago.  The publication of the Declaration was followed closely by the establishment of a committee to design a seal and coat of arms for the newly-declared nation.

It took a little while -- three committees and another couple of individuals -- before that seal, and the coat of arms, was finally adopted.  I've written an article about the history of the attempts to design a coat of arms for the United States which can be found at http://appletonstudios.com/Congress2014DBA.pdf

Over the years, the arms of the U.S. have been subject to interpretation by any number of artists in a number of different media, and I thought that today I would share some of my favorites with you.  Some old ....

  The die of the new seal cut in 1782 (and so, of course, in reverse).

This print from 1889.  (Note that it has 18 white and red stripes, not the official 13.)

Some newer ...

 The bow of a model of the USS New York, a naval cruiser from the late 1800s.

 On the facade of the San Diego, California, Museum of Art.  (But, of course, the official arms do not have stars on the chief, so that is an error here, as well as in some of the other depictions in this post.)

 On the gates to the cemetery for Union casualties during the American Civil War at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

In mosaic at the Rhone American Cemetery in Draguinan, France, for American soldiers killed nearby during World War II.

A couple of Art Deco interpretations done in the 1930s.

 On the Kensington, Pennsylvania, old Post Office building.

On the High Point, North Carolina, old Post Office building.

And some where someone has used the arms of the United States humorously ...

 The "seal" of Big Bird from Sesame Street.

And a protest against what the artist thought is the overreach of the National Security Agency, substituting a new set of words for the "S" in "NSA".