Thursday, February 12, 2015

The Littleton Shields in Temple Church, Part 2

Continuing with our review of the Littleton monument in Temple Church in London, we're going to look at the first seven (of 14) of the small shields down the left-hand side of the monument.  These 14 shields are those which Philip Ker, Rouge Croix Pursuivant, identified as recording the genealogy of Sir Adam Littleton, first Baronet of Littleton of Stoke Milborough.

The shields are not hatched, which makes the identification of many of them a bit trickier, and I've not been able to identify or blazon all of them.  With more time to study the genealogy of the Littleton family, I'm sure we could track all of them down, but unfortunately, that's not a very high priority for me and is unlikely to happen.  That said, here are the first seven shields in order, starting at the top left side of the monument.

1.  Argent a bend cotised sable a bordure engrailed gules bezanty. (Westcote)

2.  _____ in pale two lions passant _____.  (Unidentified.  Do you have any idea how many arms are listed in Papworth's Ordinary of British Armorials which consist of two lions passant?  Without knowing more of the Littleton genealogy, I'd just be guessing.)

3.  Most likely, Argent a fess gules between four hands couped appaumy azure. (Quatermaine) 

Burke's General Armory notes: Quatermain (quartered by Littleton, of Frankley, co. Worcester: Sir Thomas de Littleton, Knt., of Frankley, Esquire of the Body of Richard II, Henry IV, and Henry V, m. the dau. and heir of Quatermain, and d. 1422, leaving an only dau. and heir, Elizabeth de Luttelton, m. Thomas Westcote, Esq., ancestor of the Lords Lyttelton.  Visit. Devon, 1620).  Argent a fess engrailed gules between four dexter hands couped at the wrist and erect azure.  [That entry is not found in the Harleian Society’s publication of the Visitation of Devonshire 1620 under either Quatermain or Littleton.] [On the brass, the fess is not engrailed, but plain.]

4.  Either Argent two talbots passant sable (Martyn), or Sable two talbots passant argent (Montague). (It's in these sorts of cases that heraldic hatching would come in very handy.  But none of the engraving on these shields seems to be hatching, only a means of differentiating between different parts of the shield, as in the next example.)

5.  Barry of six _____ and _____ a bend _____.  The Visitation of Staffordshire, 1583, gives as one of the heiresses marrying into the Littletons, Elena Welshe, Gules four bars gemel argent a bend of the last. But the brass shield is clearly barry of six, not four bars gemel (four pairs of two bars).

6. _____ a bend _____ overall a fess _____. (Not a clue.  Not a single blessed clue. At least, none that I've been able to track down in Papworth.)

7.  Barry of six sable and or, on a chief of the last two pallets of the first, an inescutcheon gules charged with three bars ermine. (Burley) The brass makes the inescutcheon ermine charged with three bars (presumably gules).

Next time, shields 8 through 14.

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