Monday, January 8, 2024

The Great Stone Shields of York Minster, Part Three

Continuing our look at the stone shields flanking the many arches in York Minster, we come to the following, in no particular order beyond the order in which I took these photographs as I walked through the Minster:

Above, on the left we have the arms of England (King Edward I), Gules three lions passant guardant in pale or, and on the right, the attributed arms of Ulf (a Danish thegn, or thane): Vert six lions rampant or. Tradition says that shortly before 1066, Ulf made a gift of his lands to the Minster, to stop his sons from quarrelling over them.

And here we have Ulf again: Vert six lions rampant or on the left, and on the right, Margaret of France, second wife of King Edward I: France ancient: Azure semy-de-lys or.

The arms taken from two slightly different angles of: on the left, Aymer de Valence (1270-1324) or William de Valence (d. 1296), Earl of Pembroke: Barry argent and azure an orle of martlets gules; and on the right, Henry de Bolton, Lord Mayor of York 1335-1337): Or on a chevron gules three lions passant guardant or.

And here we have, on the left, William de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick: Gules a fess between six crosses crosslet or; and on the right, Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex: Azure, a bend argent cotised between six lions rampant or.

And to finish out our post for today, we have here on the left, the arms of William le Latimer (senior): Gules a cross patonce or; and on the right, the well-known arms of de Vere in the person of Robert de Vere, senior (1220-1296), or Robert de Vere, junior (1257-1331), Earl of Oxford: Quarterly gules and or in the first quarter a mullet argent.

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