Thursday, March 9, 2023

Two More Cambridge Colleges' Arms

You didn't think we were done seeing all of the arms of the colleges of Cambridge University that I found in my perambulations around Cambridge, did you? Well, if you did, you were likely "misinformed".

Today, we're going to see the arms of two more Cambridge colleges:

First up, Pembroke College.

The arms of Pembroke College are blazoned: Barry of ten argent and azure an orle of martlets gules (de Valence), dimidiating Gules three pales vair on a chief or a label of five points azure (de St. Pol).

Founded in 1347, these are the arms of the College's foundress, Mary de St. Pol, Countess of Pembroke. She was the daughter of Guy, Count of St. Pol, and great-great-granddaughter of of Isabel of Angoulême by her first marriage to King John (you know, Richard the Lionheart's younger brother). Mary was the second wife of Aymer de Valence, Earl of Pembroke (d. 1324).

The next arms are the extremely simple arms of St. Catherine's College (we have seen these arms in earlier posts, at the Cambridge Union Hall and on the façades of the Sedgwick Museum building and the Cambridge railway station): Gules a Catherine wheel or. (Yes, I know that these are not on a standard shield or "heater" shape; they are, nonetheless, the arms of the College.)

St. Catherine's College, named after St. Catherine of Alexandria, was originally called St. Catherine's Hall, founded in 1473 by Robert Woodlarke, Provost of King's College.

St. Catherine, whose emblem is a wheel set with knives or spikes, is "universally reverenced as the patroness of learning"; most apropos for a college, I would say.

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